Category Archives: Quran

Ayatul Kursi

Qur’anic Treasures hidden in Ayatul Kursi (Holy Qur’an 2:255)


English Translation
A’uzu billahi minashaitanir rajim I seek refuge in Allah from the outcast Satan
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
‘Allahu laaa ‘ilaaha ‘illaa Huu. ‘Al-Hayyul-Qayyuum. Laa ta’-khuzuhuu sinatunw-wa laa nawm. Lahuu maa fissamaawaati wa ma fil-‘arz. Man-zallazii yashfa-‘u’indahuuu ‘illaa bi-‘iznih? Ya’-lamu maa bayna ‘aydiihim wa maa khalfahum. Wa laa yuhiituuna bi-shay-‘im-min ‘ilmihiii ‘illaa bimaa shaaa’. Wasi-‘a Kursiyyu-hus-Samaawaati wal-‘arz; wa laa ya-‘uuduhuu hifzu-humaa wa Huwal-‘Aliyyul-‘Aziim. Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtaketh Him. Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that intercedeth with Him save by His leave? He knoweth that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will. His throne includeth the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.
[Composite Sound Clip: real audio stream one cycle]
[Composite Sound Clip: real audio stream seven cycles]

The recitations of selected aya(t) of Holy Qur’an in Tarteel tune are by Shiekh Abdul Bassit Abdul Sumed and have been reproduced on this site with permission from MECAH Enterprises.

Let us refer to ta’wil of the word ‘Ism a’zam (Supreme Name of God):

“Imam Jafar as-Sâdiq has said: “Allah has concealed one name, i.e., the supreme Name and He has 360 names.” (Lughât, Sin, p. 175). The supreme Name or the great secret is in two forms: as a word and as a person. As a word, it is “al-hayy’l-qayyûm” (the Everling, the Everlasting) (2:255); 3:2) and as a person it is the True Guide, i.e., the Prophet and Imam of the time (See Wajh, p. 124-29.” [Source: Tawil 64: A Thousand Wisdoms]

‘Allahu laaa ‘ilaaha ‘illaa Huu ‘Al-Hayyul-Qayyuum (Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal) is the first sentence of Ayatul Kursi, the most important ayat of the Holy Qur’an 2:255). From Ismaili point of view, we say that the beloved NOOR Mowlana Hazir Imam is living and his Noor is eternal. Therefore, today we will implore him with this most powerful prayer.

Now let us use a bouquet of Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum Tasbi for tonight’s session.

A’uzu billahi minashaitanir rajim
I seek refuge in Allah from the outcast Satan.

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum
Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum (4)
(O my Mowla! You are living and Your Noor is eternal)

Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum
Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum (8)
(O my Mowla! You are living and Your Noor is eternal)

Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum
Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum (12)
(O my Mowla! You are living and Your Noor is eternal)

Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum
Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum (16)
(O my Mowla! You are living and Your Noor is eternal)

Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum
Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum (20)
(O my Mowla! You are living and Your Noor is eternal)

Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum
Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum (24)
(O my Mowla! You are living and Your Noor is eternal)

Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum
Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum (28)
(O my Mowla! You are living and Your Noor is eternal)

Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum
Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum (32)
(O my Mowla! You are living and Your Noor is eternal)

Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum
Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum (36)
(O my Mowla! You are living and Your Noor is eternal)

Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum
Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum, Yâ Hayyul, Yâ Qayyum (40)
(O my Mowla! You are living and Your Noor is eternal)

Al-hamdu lillahi rabbil ‘alamin.
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds!

Allah’s challenge in the Quran

Allah’s challenge in the Quran

Allah has said in the Quran:

“And if you are in doubt about what We have revealed (the Quran) to Our worshiper (Muhammad S.A.W), then produce a chapter like it, and call your witnesses (supporters and helpers) besides God if you are truthful. And if you do not do it, and you can never do it, then fear the Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones. It has been prepared for disbelievers. And give good news (O Muhammad S.A.W) to those who believe and do good deeds, that for them are gardens (Paradise) in which rivers flow…” (Quran 2:23-25)

Ever since the Quran was revealed, fourteen centuries ago, no one has been able to produce a single chapter like the chapters of the Quran in their beauty, eloquence, splendor, wise legislation, true information, true prophecy, and other perfect attributes. Also, note that the smallest chapter in the Quran (Chapter 108) is only ten words, yet no one has been able to meet his challenge, then or today. Some of the disbelieving Arabs who were enemies of Mohammad (Sal-Allaho-Alay-hay-Wasal-lam) tried to meet his challenge to prove that Mohammad (Sal-Allaho-Alay-hay-Wasal-lam) was not a true prophet, but they failed to do so. This failure was despite the fact that the Quran was revealed in their own language and dialect and that the Arabs at the time of Mohammad(Sal-Allaho-Alay-hay-Wasal-lam) were a very eloquent people who used to compose beautiful and excellent poetry, still read and appreciated today.

The Angel Jibreel in the Qurán and Sunnah

Jibreel in the Qurán

“The night of Al-Qadr is better than a thousand months (83 years and 4 months). Therein descend the angels and the RUH (Jibreel) by Allah’s Permission with all decrees.”
(Surah 98: 3-4)

“Verily, this is the Word (this Qurán brought by) a Most Honourable Messenger [Jibreel], [from Allah to Muhammad Ibn Abdullah]

Owner of power, (and high rank) with (Allah), the Lord of the Throne, Obeyed (by the Angels in the Heavens) and trustworthy.”
(Surah 81: 19-21)

“We [Allah] gave Jesus, the son of Mary, clear signs and supported him with RUH-UL-QUDDUS [Jibreel]”
(Surah 2: 87)

Ïndeed he (Muhammad Ibn Abdullah) saw him [Jibreel] in the clear horizon (towards the east)”.
(Surah 81: 23)

“The Day (of Decision) that AR-RUH [Jibreel] and the Angels will stand forth in rows, they will not speak except him whom the Most Gracious (Allah) allows, and he will speak what is right.”
(Surah 78: 38)

Ït is not given to any human being that Allah should speak to him unless (it be) by revelation, from behind a veil, or (that) He sends a Messenger to reveal what He wills by His leave.”
(Surah 42: 51)

Revelation is Divine Inspiration or sacred communication, from behind a veil refers to being in close proximity to the Divine Presence, the delegation or ambassadorial representation of a Messenger is of Archangels, namely Jibreel.

Änd the Earth will shine with the light of its Lord (Allah, when He will come to judge men on the Day of Decision): and the Book will be placed (open); and the Prophets and the witnesses will be brought forward, and it will be judged between them in truth, and they will not be wronged.”
(Surah 39: 69)

In addition to the Angels of the Throne [which are eight in number] and specialist recorders of all human beings [Witnesses], Jibreel is to be among the Divine entourage and other special angels accompanying Allah on the Day of Decision.

Änd you will see the Angels [including Jibreel] surrounding the Throne (of Allah) from all round [on the Day of Decision].”
(Surah 39: 75)

“When We have recited it to you [O Muhammad Ibn Abdullah through Jibreel,] then follow its [the Qurán’s] recital. Then it is for Us [Allah] to make it clear (to you).”
(Surah 75: 18-19)

“The Angels and the RUH [Jibreel] ascend to Him [Allah] in a Day the measure whereof is fifty thousand years.”
(Surah 70: 4)

Verily Allah is his [Prophet Muhammad] Maula (Lord, Master, Protector, Patron) änd Jibreel, and the Saliheen among the Mu’mineen (believers), and furthermore the Angels are his helpers.”
(Surah 66: 4)

“Whoever is an enemy to Jibreel (let him die in his fury), for indeed he [Jibreel] has brought it [the Qurán] down to your heart [The heart of Muhammad Ibn Abdullah] by Allah’s Permission.”
(Surah 2: 97)

“Whoever is an enemy to Allah, His Angels, His Messengers, Jibreel and Mikaeel, then verily Allah is an enemy to the Disbelievers.”
(Surah 2: 98)

Änd Mary, the daughter of Imran who guarded her chastity. And We breathed into (the sleeve of her shirt or her garment) through Our RUH [Jibreel].”
(Surah 66: 12)

“This (the Qurán) is a revelation from the Lord of the Alameen (All forms, species, organisms, cells etc. of life that exists), which the Trustworthy RUH has brought down.”
(Surah 26: 192-193)

Here Jibreel is described as Ruh-hul Ameen, ‘’the Trustworthy Spirit’’.

“Ruh-ul-Qudus has brought it (the Qurán) down from your Lord with truth, that it may make firm and strengthen (the Faith of) those who believe, and as a guidance and glad tidings to those who have submitted (to Allah as Muslims).”
(Surah 16: 102)

Here Jibreel is described as the ‘Holy Spirit’. Jibreel’s role was to deliver the scripture from Allah in its entirety, without modification, error, alteration, translation, commentary or otherwise. Jibreel was not to share the information in the scripture with other angels or others, reveal its contents, verses, portents and prophecies nor allow it to be tampered with.

His position was that of a Divine Messenger to impart and where necessary to teach and interpret to the Prophet Muhammad Ibn Abdullah and not as an editor, scribe or scholar in the book he was assigned to deliver. He was successful, truthful and fully trustworthy in the allocated responsibility he was entrusted with.

Ït is only a revelation [The Qurán] revealed. He has been taught [the Qurán] by one mighty in power [Jibreel].

One free from any defect in body and mind then he [Jibreel in his real shape as created by Allah] rose and became stable.

While he was in the highest part of the horizon, then he [Jibreel] approached and came closer, and was at a distance of two bows’ length or (even) nearer. So (Allah) revealed to His slave [Muhammad Ibn Abdullah through Jibreel] whatever He revealed.

The (Prophet Muhammad Ibn Abdullah’s) heart lied not in what he saw. Will you then dispute with him [Muhammad Ibn Abdullah] about what he saw.

And indeed he [Muhammad Ibn Abdullah] saw him [Jibreel] at a second descent (i.e. another time). Near Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (the lote-tree of the utmost boundary over the seventh heaven beyond which none can pass). Near it is the Paradise of Abode.”
(Surah 53: 4-15)

Jibreel in his true appearance is an archangel of magnificent splendour and richness. In addition to possessing six hundred wings, his height spans from the earth to the skies.

Jibreel was seen by the Prophet in various forms, sometimes in the image of a human being who could be seen by others and on other occasions as a man who only appeared to the Prophet.

On a few rare circumstances, Jibreel came to the Prophet in his real angelic form. The first was when the Prophet was originally commissioned as an apostle at the age of forty near the Cave of Hira in Makkah.

The most famous or paramount occasion however, was the ascent to the Kingdom of the Heavens above the skies in an event known as the Me’raj. An unprecedented tour of the heavens by a human being who was still alive and yet to complete his full term of office as Prophet.

Jibreel was delegated to escort the Prophet and act as his official tour guide, chaperone and fellow traveller during the extraordinary trip, still unique in human history and unparalleled to this day.

It was this occasion that Allah speaks of in the above verses where Jibreel was visibly and actually apparent in his original and real image and regal appearance. The Prophet was used to seeing him dressed and enrobed in human flesh and costumes on earth. Now it was to be different.

There was no longer a need for Jibreel to be in the form of other than an angel as those in the heavens knew him in that sense and would not be excited, apprehensive or otherwise stunned by his physique, body and overall appearance.

“Has the story reached you, of the honoured guests of Ibrahim? [The honoured guests were three Archangels; Jibreel, Mikaéel and Israfeel]
(Surah 52: 24-37)

The three Archangels were sent with two separate missions to two different locations with two different purposes and messages. The first mission was to visit Ibrahim (AlaySalam) and give him the glad tidings of a second son in old age; Ishaaq (AlaySalam), this time from his first wife, Sarai, to the Israelite nation. Ismail (AlaySalam), his first and eldest son, had been born thirteen years earlier to his second wife, the daughter of the Egyptian monarch, Hazrat Hajira.

The second mission was to provide comfort to another Prophet, this time a Messenger of Allah, Lut (AlaySalam), the nephew of Ibrahim (AlaySalam) in the twin cities of Sadum and Gomorrah in Palestine and save him and the believers from the destruction of the community that was to follow.

All three Archangels are also specifically mentioned as ‘Messengers’ as well through the mouth of Ibraheem (Surah 51: 31) during the same trip.

At other times, Jibreel has been spoken of by other than Allah.

Ï took a handful (of dust) from the (hoof) print of the Messenger (Jibreel’s angelic horse)”
(Surah 20: 96)

Jibreel A Commentary

Jibreel has at different times functioned as a senior general (Ghazwa Badr) of an army of angels, a personal security guard to the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad Ibn Abdullah and soldier, (Ghazwa Ohud) a divine destroyer of disbelieving nations (Qaum-e-Lut) and as Allah’s emissary to comfort and guide select personages i.e. Hazrat Maryam and Hazrat Hajira the mother of Ismail (AlaySalam) etc.

In the last instance Jibreel was sent to create a hole in the site where the well of Zamzam is in Makkah. He did so by kicking the ground in full view of Hajira and soon after water sprouted out from under the soil. One of the names of the well is ‘’the kick of Jibreel.’’

However, Jibreel’s greatest and most respected position is as the Keeper or Custodian of the Scriptures and official Recorder of Revelations to the Messengers of Allah and is the most honourable Archangel in the Heavens. He is obeyed and trusted by all other angels and seen as the highest and most senior Archangel there is.

In the ministry of Musa (AlaySalam), while the Israelites were the nation bestowed with the Mercy of Divine Guidance and Scripture. Jibreel was entrusted with being Allah’s emissary to the Messenger and was honoured with the title ‘Namus’.

Namus means a secret envoy who brings good. According to another narration, Jibreel was described as the one who keeps the secrets.

Jibreel is showered with several titles and forms of honour in the Qurán and Sunnah. They include-

Most Honourable Messenger
Trustworthy Spirit
Holy Spirit
Our Spirit
One mighty in power
Owner of power

It is interesting to see Jibreel is given the honoured respect that Christians say Jesus is given. It is Jibreel with the titles ‘Spirit and Our Spirit’ instead of Jesus. Furthermore, Jibreel is described as a slave and not a god or co-ruler and dual or tripartite monarch along with Allah.

Jibreel in the Sunnah

Jibreel, in addition to being an intermediary between Allah and His Prophets, also acted as his teacher (in recitation of Surahs, methodology of Salah etc.), advisor, loyal companion, associate and colleague as well as a consoler and friend.

Once Khadijah, the first wife of the Prophet (SAW) came bearing food to the Prophet (SAW) and as she approached him, he was in the midst of receiving revelation through Jibreel.

The Archangel said to him, ‘O Prophet! Here is Khadijah coming to you with a vessel. Give her greetings from your Lord and from me, and give her glad tidings of a palace of pearls in Paradise in which there is only peace and repose.’

The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was often the target of verbal abuse, slander, slurs,
derogatory remarks and comments in addition to physical punishment during his thirteen years in Makkah before migration to Medina.

In that period, he never took revenge, nor aspired for reprisals, reparation for injury or even apology. Instead he was content with the Almighty judging each individual with fairness, honesty and true justice.

He was certain of Allah’s protection and patronage of his ministry and thus felt satisfied those who opposed and ridiculed him without foundation would face Allah’s Wrath eventually.

Jibreel was sent as the relief envoy, rescue operations manager, revenge representative, official executioner, chief slayer, retributor, and champion of the Almighty for the Prophet. He served in different functions and in some cases different shapes to guard the Prophet from his enemies.

Waleed Bin Mugheera, an enemy of the Prophet (SAW), was once merely scratched by an arrow, but Jibreel pointed towards the scratch and it became inflamed. The wound plagued Waleed for several years until he died.

Some sources state Jibreel further pointed towards the head of another opponent, Aswad Bin Abd Yaguth, and he developed boils, another narration suggests the boils resulted from sunstroke that Jibreel put upon him whilst another source says Jibreel pointed to his stomach and it caused dropsy and made it swell so much that he died.

Aswad Bin Abd Abdul Muttalib first had his eyesight snatched away, then his son killed by Jibreel. This was because of his severe persecution upon the Prophet (SAW) that stretched back a long time.

Abu Jahl, also known as Abu Hakam, once promised Qurayshi onlookers he would stamp on the Prophet’s head during prayer at the earliest opportunity. One day, he got his chance, took a heavy stone and proceeded to kill the Prophet (SAW) with the stone. Just as he was about to smash the stone on the Prophet’s head, he suddenly turned back and ran.

He later exclaimed, he saw a camel before him. Its skull, neck and teeth were the like he had never seen before and it was going to eat him. The Prophet (SAW) said later, the strange camel he saw was Jibreel.

After the Prophet’s distressful period in Taif, Jibreel was sent with the Angel of the Mountains to do as he wished to the people of Taif. He said, ‘I am here to do as you say. The choice is yours: I can crush the people of Taif between the two hills, if that is your wish.’ The Prophet (SAW) spared them however and hoped future generations would sprout from them who would accept Islam.

As a leader of other Angels, Jibreel as a soldier and general appeared at the Battle of Badr along with five thousand Angels. He was accompanied by Angels Mikaeel and Israfeel. The Prophet Muhammad upon seeing them exclaimed to Abu Bakr;

‘Rejoice, O Abu Bakr, Allah’s help has come. This is Jibreel, moving ahead with his horse’s bridle in his hand. His garments are besmeared with dirt and dust.’

At times, the Prophet (SAW) spoke of Jibreel in his duas’. In one dua for example, he said, ‘[You, Allah are] All-Glorious, All-Holy, Lord of the Angels and the Spirit [Angel Jibreel].’

In another Dua, the Prophet (SAW) said, ‘All praise is due to Allah the King, the Pure, Lord of the Angels and the RUH [Angel Jibreel].’

In the first Dua, ‘The Spirit’ is specific, singular, clear, concise, comprehensible and distinct from all others, human or Jinn. It is not Jesus, but Angel Jibreel. Jesus in the Qur’an is often mentioned ‘A Spirit’, but Jibreel is mentioned as ‘The Spirit’. The meaning is clear, ‘a spirit’ is one of many, ‘the spirit’ is of special and higher significance.

The second dua meanwhile elevates Jibreel above all Angels and assigns him unique and exclusive merit as a senior servant, minister, Messenger and responsible court executive with special functions. The word of honour, respect and specificity used to describe Jibreel is THE RUH, meaning ‘The Spirit’.

The Story of Haaroot and Maaroot – II

Magic is a reality and not mere illusion; some people consider tricks of the hand or deceptions of the eye to be magic, but magic is much more than that; it is a reality, and could lead one to hate what he used to love, such as the case which Allaah informs us of in the abovementioned verse where it can separate man from his wife. Indeed the goal that the devil strives hardest to achieve is to separate man from his wife, as in the narration of Jaabir ibn ‘Abdullaah who stated that the Prophet said: “Satan places his throne on the water, then he sends his troops to people; the closest devil in position to him is the one who causes the most mischief and trials amongst people. One of them (i.e., from his troops) comes to him and says: `I continued to whisper to so and so until he committed such and such a sin.` Satan responds: `I swear by Allaah! You have not done much.` (This process continues) until one (devil) comes and says: `I continued to whisper to him until I made him separate from his wife.` Thereupon, Satan brings him close to him and hugs him, saying: `Yes! You are the one.`” [Muslim] Meaning, that he is the one who has achieved the greatest accomplishment. This separation is caused by either magic or by any other means.

Some magicians use magic to bewitch the eyes of people and make them believe that they are seeing something that they are not, as Allaah says regarding the magicians of Pharaoh what means: “…And they presented a great [feat] of magic.” [Quran 7: 116] People thought, as a result of their magic, that they were seeing snakes instead of ropes and sticks.

Some people claim that there is a prophetic narration that is as follows: “Learn magic but do not teach it to others.” This is a fabrication; such words were never uttered by the Prophet .

The Islamic ruling regarding the magician is that he is to be beheaded, as the Prophet said: “The punishment for the magician is that he must be beheaded.” [At-Tirmithi & Al-Haakim] This is because such a person is an apostate, even if he fasts, prays and claims that he is a Muslim, because his practice of magic invalidates any good deeds he may perform.

There are two ways of being relieved from the effects of magic:

– The incorrect way is to go to magicians for this purpose; this is prohibited because the Prophet said: “He who approaches a magician and believes what he says will have his prayers rejected for forty days.” [Muslim] Thus, it is prohibited to approach them or to seek their assistance in removing the effect of magic done on one by others.

– The correct way is by reciting the legislated Ruqyah (i.e. the Quran and certain prophetic supplications). Examples of this would be the Chapters Al-Faatihah, Al-Ikhlaas, Al-Falaq, An-Naas and the Verse of the Throne, or Ayat Al-Kursi, which is the two-hundred and fifty fifth verse of Chapter Al-Baqarah. An example of a prophetic supplication that is useful in this regard is: “Allaahumma Rabban-naas, athhibil-ba’s, wash’fi, Antash-Shaafi, laa shifaa’a illaa shifaa’uka, shifaa’n laa yughaadiru saqama [O Allaah! The Lord of mankind! Remove this disease and cure (him or her). You are the Great Curer. There is no cure but through You, which leaves behind no disease].” [Al-Bukhaari]

One may also recite Quranic verses in water and add to it seven dried and crushed Lote-tree leaves. This method is confirmed to have been practiced by some of the Salaf such as Wahb ibn Munabbih .

Some people recite the verses that address the issue of magic, like those found in Chapters Al-A’raaf, Yoonus, and Taa Haa over this water and then add the crushed leaves to it, then they recite Chapters Al-Ikhlaas, Al-Falaq, An-Naas and some authentic Prophetic supplications over it. They then wash their body with this water. This is a method that has been proven to be beneficial by experience.

The Prophet was bewitched by Labeed ibn Al-A’sam, who had strong relations with the Jews, and the Jews requested his assistance due to him being renowned for his experience in magic.

The Prophet was afflicted by this magic for six months. He would think that he was sleeping with his wives while in fact he was not. He persevered through this period, and when he feared that it would affect his zeal for worship, he supplicated to Allaah, asking Him to remove it from him.

‘Aa’ishah narrated: “Magic was done on the Prophet so he began to think that he was doing things that he was not actually doing. One day, he invoked (Allaah) for a long period and then said: “I feel that Allaah has inspired me as how to cure myself. Two persons came to me (in a dream) and sat down, one by my head and the other by my feet. One of them asked the other: ‘What is the sickness of this man?’ The other replied: ‘He has been bewitched.’ The first asked: ‘Who has bewitched him?’ The other replied: ‘Labeed ibn Al-A’sam.’ The first one asked: ‘What materials did he use?’ The other replied: ‘A comb, the hair gathered on it, and the outer skin of the pollen of a male date-palm.’ The first asked: ‘Where are they?’ The other replied: ‘In the well of Tharwaan.'”

So the Prophet headed out towards the well. He later returned and said to me: “The date-palms (i.e., the ones on the well) are like the heads of devils.” I asked: ‘Did you take out those things with which the magic was done?’ He replied: “No, for I have been cured by Allaah, and I am afraid that this action may spread evil amongst the people.” Later on the well was filled up with earth.” [Al-Bukhaari]

The hair that was on the comb was taken, and a knot was made in which the magic was placed; then, the hair that contained the magic was placed inside the outer skin of the pollen of a male date-palm, and this was placed under a rock, inside the well. When some Companions went to remove this magic from the well, they found that its water was the colour of Henna, due to the effect of magic on it.

The Prophet was inspired by Allaah as to where the location of the magic was; it was removed and the knot was undone, so the magic was ruined.

The question of ‘Aa’ishah was an indirect way of asking why the Prophet did not punish the man who bewitched him, and he explained why, saying: “I am afraid that this action may spread evil amongst the people.” Meaning, that since the punishment of being a magician is execution by beheading, and because people did not know that he practiced such evil, nor did they witness him doing it on the Prophet then punishing him would have encouraged people to accuse anyone of doing magic, even if they were innocent, and justify it by quoting this action of the Prophet .

He was very careful not to execute anyone whose crime was not obvious to everybody, and it is for this same reason he refrained from killing Ibn Salool, who was the head of hypocrites, despite him knowing that he was being a disbeliever, a liar and a hypocrite.

He did not kill him because it would not have been clear to people why he killed him, due to this Ibn Salool pretending to be Muslim.

One may ask: “How could the Prophet be bewitched when he was conveying the message?”
The answer is that the magic never affected any aspect of his mind, memory or mission; it only affected his relations with his wives.

Another question that might be asked is: “Does the fact that he was bewitched not contradict being protected by Allaah? Allaah Says what means: “…And Allaah will protect you from the people…” [Quran 5: 67]

The answer is that the protection referred to in this verse was against certain matters only, such as being killed before conveying the message fully, or being prevented from conveying the message in any way.

In fact, proof of the fact that such protection was limited is that he was afflicted greatly by the disbelievers: they offended and beat him, and besieged him and his followers. He also suffered hunger and fell into a pit that the disbelievers had dug for him. They did all these things but were unable to prevent him from conveying the message of Allaah.

Some magic is performed by blowing into knots and other materials which magicians compile, which makes the bewitched person believe he is performing actions that is not actually doing; another type makes a person incapable of having sexual intercourse with his wife; another type makes the wife imagine that her husband is a beast or a snake whenever he tries to approach her sexually; there is another type that makes the husband imagine that his wife has a foul stench whenever he attempts to approach her sexually, even though she may be clean and smell pleasant.

There are women who resort to magic in order to make their husbands divorce his other wife or wives, so that she can have him all to herself – and this is one of the greatest ways of oppressing others.

One may ask: “There are deadly types of magic; are they incurable?”

The answer is that they are curable, unless the effects of this magic coincide with the designated time of the person’s death. If that is the case, then nothing can help him. Allaah Says what means: “But never will Allaah delay a soul when its time has come. And Allaah is Acquainted with what you do.” [Quran 63: 11]

The one who bewitches others and thereby causes their death must be sentenced to death, because such a person killed a soul intentionally and without due right.

Some people wear amulets, claiming that they protect them from magic, but they only add to the evil and make them weaker in faith.

In Islam, ends do not justify means; there are people who resort to magic in order to reconcile, for example, between two disputing people. This is prohibited, even if people claim that they have good intentions and are only using it for a good purpose. This is refused in Islam because the means used are evil, and regardless of the sought result, using magic remains prohibited.

The story of Haaroot and Maaroot – I

One of the stories in the Quran, is the story of Haaroot and Maaroot. Allaah Says what means: “And they [i.e., the Children of Israel] followed [instead] what the devils had recited during the reign of Sulaymaan (Solomon ). It was not Sulaymaan who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic and that which was revealed to the two angels at Babylon, Haaroot and Maaroot. But they [i.e., the two angels] do not teach anyone unless they say: ‘We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing magic].’ And [yet] they learn from them that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife. But they do not harm anyone through it except by permission of Allaah. And they [i.e., people] learn what harms them and does not benefit them. But they [i.e., the Children of Israel] certainly knew that whoever purchased it [i.e., magic] would not have in the Hereafter any share. And wretched is that for which they sold themselves, if they only knew.” [Quran 2: 102]

The Children of Israel received a Great Book from Allaah, namely the Quran, which confirmed what they had been told in the Tawraah (i.e. Torah); they were claiming to adhere to their scripture, yet they disbelieved in the Messenger (Muhammad) and a group of them also threw the Scripture of Allaah (i.e., the Tawraah) behind their backs and shunned it, despite them knowing that it was the truth, as Allaah tells us, saying what means: “…A party of those who had been given the Scripture threw the Scripture of Allaah [i.e., the Tawraah] behind their backs as if they did not know [what it contained].” [Quran 2: 101]

It is the way of Allaah that He punishes those who shun that which benefits them; He therefore busies them with things that are of no benefit to them, or makes them indulge in what harms them. Whoever shuns the worship of the Most Merciful will be afflicted with the worship of idols.

Whoever shuns Islamic monotheism will be afflicted with association with Allaah. Whoever shuns the Sunnah will be afflicted with religious innovation. Whoever shuns adhering to the Islamic texts will be afflicted with blind imitation of others who have no evidence to back up their actions.

Whoever shuns hoping in, loving and fearing only Allaah will be afflicted with directing all these acts to other than Him. Whoever refrains from spending his wealth for the sake of Allaah will be afflicted with spending it for the sake of Satan.

Whoever shuns humbling himself to Allaah will be afflicted with being humiliated by other people, and whoever shuns the truth will be afflicted with adhering to falsehood.

This is exactly what happened to the Jews when they shunned the Book of Allaah; they were afflicted with following in the footsteps of Satan. During the reign of Sulaymaan they refused to believe in the Book of Allaah, and were thus afflicted by following what the devils recited and invented.

The devils introduced magic to the people and claimed that Sulaymaan used magic and that it was the means for him to have such great power and a vast empire.

Indeed they lied, because Allaah is the One who granted him enough power and such a vast empire that he had no need to resort to magic, or to seek the help of the devils. As a matter of fact, Allaah facilitated the devils for the disposal of Sulaymaan ; Allaah Says what means: “They made for him what he willed of elevated chambers, statues, bowls like reservoirs, and stationary kettles…” [Quran 34: 13]

Allaah utilised them for Sulaymaan to use, and so they were under his command, but after the death of Sulaymaan the devils came out to the people claiming that the reason behind his control over them was the magic he used and practiced, but Allaah exposes their lie saying what means: “And they [i.e., the Children of Israel] followed [instead] what the devils had recited during the reign of Sulaymaan. It was not Sulaymaan who disbelieved …” [Quran 2: 102]

Whoever practices or uses magic is a disbeliever, but Sulaymaan never disbelieved and never practiced magic; indeed Allaah confirms the very opposite, saying what means: “…It was not Sulaymaan who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic…” [Quran 2: 102] They disbelieved by teaching people magic and how to use it, thereby misguiding them.

The Jews practiced the magic that Allaah sent the two angels with, namely Haaroot and Maaroot, as a means of testing people and seeing who amongst His slaves would remain steadfast and who would deviate, or who would remain upon faith and who would disbelieve.

These two angels, Haaroot and Maaroot, were sent to teach people magic in the land of Babylon in Iraq as a test for these people. One may ask: “How can Allaah send these two angels to teach people magic if practicing magic is disbelief?” The answer is that it is done in order to subject people to a trial, as Allaah Says what means: “…But they [i.e., the two angels] do not teach anyone unless they say: ‘We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing magic]…’” [Quran 2: 102]

These angels would initially warn people not to learn this magic, and that to do so would entail disbelief, but if they insisted on learning magic, then they would teach them it; this magic could thereafter be used for prohibited reasons, such as to separate spouses. The Jews practiced the magic that they accused Sulaymaan of using.

The Jews learnt magic and became specialists in it, and to this day the most skilled magicians are the Jews, especially the Moroccan Jews. These Jews shunned the news of the description and imminent arrival of the Prophet Muhammad that was in their scripture; they also shunned the new Book (i.e. the Quran); they eschewed all this and instead resorted to learning and practicing magic.

In this story, Allaah mentions some of the evil consequences of magic, such as what means: “…And [yet] they learn from them that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife…” [Quran 2: 102]

This is while Allaah describes marriage as something that results in harmony when He Says what means: “…He placed between you [i.e., man and his wife] affection and mercy….” [Quran 30: 21]

Magic separates man from his wife, which is proof that it does have an effect, but this effect only occurs by the will of Allaah. Some types of magic make a person love another and act as if he is enslaved to him or her; such a person would feel that he simply cannot live without this person; another type of magic results in the opposite, whereby a person may hate another to the extent that he cannot even look him in the eye; a father can be bewitched in order to make him despise his children or wife, as in the previously mentioned verse of Chapter Al-Baqarah.

Allaah Says what means: “But they [i.e. the Children of Israel] certainly knew that whoever purchased it [i.e. learnt and practiced magic] would not have in the Hereafter any share.” [Quran 2: 102]

The scholars differed in their interpretation of this verse. Some of them stated that Allaah did not send down these angels with magic to teach people, but rather it was the devils who taught people magic. On the other hand, many from the Salaf (predecessors) were of the view that Allaah sent down to the earth these two angels from the heavens as a punishment to them; others said that they were angels who deviated and were an exceptional case from all the other angels, who never disobey Allaah; yet others said that they were honourable angels who were sent down to teach people magic as a way of testing them, but who only taught those who insisted on learning it after having been informed and reminded that magic is a form of disbelief, and after having been sternly warned against learning and practicing it.

Undoubtedly, learning magic is prohibited, and practicing it is disbelief, as indicated in the verse, in addition to many prophetic narrations that affirm this fact.

The story of Prophet Nooh -I

Prophet Nooh (Noah) was one of the prominent Prophets whom Allaah Almighty sent to guide people to His Path – that of Monotheism. Ibn ‘Abbaas narrated that Prophet Muhammad said: “The period between Aadam and Nooh was ten centuries.” [Al-Bukhaari]

Nooh was therefore born some one thousand years after Aadam’s creation, or after he left the Garden of Eden. For many generations, the people of Nooh had been worshipping statues that they called gods. They believed that these gods would bring them good, protect them from evil and provide all their needs. They gave their idols names such as Wadd, Suwaa’, Yaghooth, Ya’ooq, and Nasr.

Allaah Almighty revealed in the Noble Quran (what means): “And [the idolaters] said: ‘Never leave your gods and never leave Wadd, nor Suwaa’ or Yaghooth and Ya’ooq and Nasr [i.e., the names of their idols].” [Quran: 71:23] Originally, these were the names of good people who had lived among them. After their deaths, statues of them were erected to keep their memories alive. After some time, however, people began to worship these statues. Later generations did not even know why they had been erected; they only knew their parents had prayed to them. That is how idol worshipping developed. Since they had no understanding of Allaah Almighty who would punish them for their evil deeds, they became cruel and immoral.

Ibn ‘Abbaas explained: “Following the death of those righteous men, Satan inspired their people to erect statues in the places where they used to sit. They did this, but these statues were not worshiped until the coming generations deviated from the right way of life. Then they worshipped them as their idols.”

In his description of this story, Imaam Ibn Jareer narrated: “There were righteous people who lived in the period between Aadam and Nooh, may Allaah exalt their mention, and who had followers who held them as models. After their death, their friends who used to emulate them said: ‘If we make statues of them, it will be more pleasing to us in our worship and will remind us of them.’ So they built statues of them and, after they had died and others came after them, Iblees (Satan) crept into their minds saying: ‘Your forefathers used to worship them, and through that worship they got rain.’ So they worshipped them.”

Imaam Ibn Abu Haatim related the following story: “Wadd was a righteous man who was loved by his people. When he died, they withdrew to his grave in the land of Babylonia and were overwhelmed by sadness. When Iblees saw their sorrow caused by his death, he disguised himself in the form of a man saying: ‘I have seen your sorrow because of this man’s death; can I make a statue like him which could be put in your meeting place to make you remember him?’ They said: ‘Yes.’ So he made the statue like him. They put it in their meeting place in order to be reminded of him. When Iblees saw their interest in remembering him, he said: ‘Can I build a statue of him in the home of each one of you so that he would be in everyone’s house and you could thereby remember him?’ They agreed. Their children learned about and saw what they were doing. They also learned about their remembrance of him instead of Allaah. So the first to be worshipped instead of Allaah was Wadd, the idol which they named thus.”

The essence of this point is that every idol from those earlier mentioned was worshipped by a certain group of people. It was mentioned that people made pictures and, as the ages passed, they made these pictures into statues, so that their forms could be fully recognised; afterwards they were worshipped instead of Allaah.

It was narrated that Umm Salamah and Umm Habeebah who were two of the wives of the Prophet informed him about the church named ‘Maria’ that they had seen in the land of Abyssinia. They described its beauty and the pictures therein. He said: “Those are the people who build places of worship on the grave of every dead man who was righteous and then make therein those pictures. Those are the worst of creation in the sight of Allaah.” [Al-Bukhaari]

Worshipping anything other than Allaah is a tragedy that results not only in the loss of freedom; its serious effect reaches man’s mind and destroys it as well. Almighty Allaah created man and his mind with its purpose set on achieving knowledge, the most important of which is that Allaah alone is the Creator and all the rest are worshippers (slaves). Therefore, disbelief in Allaah, or polytheism, results in the loss of freedom, the destruction of the mind, and the absence of a noble target in life. By worshipping anything other than Allaah, man becomes enslaved to Satan, who is himself a creature, and becomes harnessed to his own baser qualities.

Into that environment, Allaah sent Nooh with His message to his people. Nooh was the only intellectual not caught in the whirlpool of man’s destruction which was caused by polytheism.

Allaah, out of His Mercy, sent His messenger Nooh to guide his people. Nooh was an excellent speaker and a very patient man. He pointed out to his people the mysteries of life and the wonders of the universe. He pointed out how the night is regularly followed by the day and that the balance between these opposites was designed by Allaah Almighty for our good. The night gives coolness and rest while the day gives warmth and awakens activity. The sun encourages growth, keeping all plants and animals alive, while the moon and stars assist in the reckoning of time, direction and seasons. He pointed out that the ownership of the heavens and the earth belongs only to the Divine Creator.

Therefore, he explained to this people, there cannot have been more than one deity. He clarified to them how the devil had deceived them for so long and that the time had come for this deceit to stop. Nooh spoke to them of Allaah’s glorification of man, how He had created him and provided him with sustenance and the blessings of the mind. He told them that idol-worshipping was a suffocating injustice to the mind. He warned them not to worship anyone but Allaah and described the terrible punishment Allaah would mete out if they continued in their evil ways.

The people listened to him in silence. His words were a shock to their stagnating minds as it is a shock to a person who is asleep under a wall which is about to fall and who is vigorously awakened. This person may be alarmed and may even become angry, although the aim was only to save him.

The people of Nooh were divided into two groups after his warning. His words touched the hearts of the weak, the poor, and the miserable, and soothed their wounds with its mercy. As for the rich, the strong, the mighty and the rulers, they looked upon the warning with cold distrust. They believed they would be better off if things stayed as they were. Therefore, they started their war of words against Nooh .

First they accused Nooh of being a mere human, just like themselves, as the verse states (what means): “So the eminent among those who disbelieved from his people said: ‘We do not see you but as a man like ourselves’….” [Quran: 11:27]

He, however, had never said anything other than that. He asserted that, indeed, he was only a human being; Allaah had sent a human messenger because the earth was inhabited by humans. If it had been inhabited by angels, Allaah would have sent an angelic messenger.

The contest between the polytheists and Nooh continued. The rulers had thought at first that Nooh’s call would soon fade on its own. When they found that his call attracted the poor, the helpless and common labourers, they started to verbally attack and taunt him: ‘You are only followed by the poor, the meek and the worthless.’

Allaah the Almighty tells us in the Quran (what means): “And We had certainly sent Nooh to his people, [saying]: ‘Indeed, I am to you a clear warner. That you not worship except Allaah. Indeed, I fear for you the punishment of a painful day.’ So the eminent among those who disbelieved from his people said: ‘We do not see you but as a man like ourselves, and we do not see you followed except by those who are the lowest of us [and] at first suggestion. And we do not see in you over us any merit; rather, we think you are a liar.'” [Quran: 11:25-27]

Thus, the conflict between Nooh and the heads of his people intensified. The disbelievers tried to bargain: “Listen Nooh! If you want us to believe in you, then dismiss your believers. They are meek and poor, while we are elite and rich; no faith can include us both.” Nooh listened to the heathens of his community and realised they were obstinate. However, he was gentle in his response. He explained to his people that he could not dismiss the believers as they were not his guests but Allaah’s.

Nooh appealed to them saying (what means): “O my people! I ask not of you for it any wealth. My reward is not but from Allaah. And I am not one to drive away those who have believed. Indeed, they will meet their Lord, but I see that you are a people behaving ignorantly. And O my people! Who would protect me from Allaah if I drove them away? Then will you not be reminded? And I do not tell you that I have the depositories [containing the provision] of Allaah or that I know the unseen, nor do I tell you that I am an angel, nor do I say of those upon whom your eyes look down that Allaah will never grant them any good. Allaah is most knowing of what is within their souls. Indeed, I would then be among the wrongdoers [i.e., the unjust].'” [Quran: 11:29-31]

Nooh refuted the arguments of the disbelievers with the noble knowledge of the prophets. It is the logic of intellect that rids itself of personal pride and interests.

The story of Prophet Luut

Prophet Luut left Egypt, accompanied by his uncle Ibraaheem and headed to the city of Sodom in Palestine, which was on the western shore of the Dead Sea.

This city was filled with evil. Its residents waylaid, robbed and killed travellers. Another common evil among them was that their men used to have sex with men instead of women. This unnatural act later became known as sodomy, after the city of Sodom. It was practiced openly and unashamedly.

It was at the height of these crimes and sins that Allaah revealed to Prophet Luut that he should summon the people to give up their indecent behaviour, but their immoral habits were so deeply ingrained that they were deaf to Luut’s preaching. Addicted to their unnatural desires, they refused to accept the call to repentance, even when Luut warned them of Allaah’s punishment. Instead, they threatened to drive him out of the city if he continued preaching against their evil habits.

Allaah Almighty revealed (what means): “The people of Luut denied the messengers. When their brother Luut said to them: ‘Will you not fear Allaah? Indeed, I am to you a trustworthy messenger. So fear Allaah and obey me. And I do not ask you for it any payment. My payment is only from the Lord of the worlds. Do you approach males among the worlds. And leave what your Lord has created for you as mates? But you are a people transgressing.’ They said: ‘If you do not desist, O Luut, you will surely be of those evicted.’ He said: ‘Indeed, I am, toward your deed, of those who detest [it]. My Lord! Save me and my family from [the consequence of] what they do.’ So We saved him and his family, all. Except an old woman [i.e., the wife of Luut] among those who remained behind.” [Quran: 26:160-171]

The sinful actions of Prophet Luut’s people saddened his heart. Their abominable reputation spread throughout the land, while he continued to struggle against them. As the years passed, he persisted in his mission, but to no avail. No one responded to his call and believed except for the members of his family; even in his household, not all the members believed: Luut’s wife was a disbeliever.

If home is the place of comfort and rest, then Luut found none, for he was tormented both within and outside his home. His life was continuous agony as he suffered greatly, but he remained patient and steadfast as a Messenger to his people. Instead of heeding to him, they belittled his message, and mockingly challenged him, saying (what means): “…’Bring us the punishment of Allaah, if you should be of the truthful!” [Quran: 29:29]

Overwhelmed with despair, Luut prayed to Allaah to grant him victory and to destroy the corrupt. Allaah Almighty, therefore, sent three angels in the guise of young handsome men in answer to his prayer. They reached the walls of the town in the afternoon. The first person who caught sight of them was Luut’s daughter while she was filling her jug with water from the river. When she saw them, she was stunned that there could be men of such magnificent beauty on earth.

One of the three men (angels) asked her: “O maiden! Is there a place to rest?”

Remembering the evil character of her people, she replied: “Stay here and do not enter the town until I inform my father and return.” Leaving her jug by the river, she swiftly ran home.

“O father!” she cried. “You are wanted by young men at the town gate and I have never before seen the like of their faces!”

Luut felt distressed as he quickly ran to his guests.

They visited him at home as guests. After ushering them in hospitably, he asked them where they came from and where they were going.

They did not reply to his questions. Instead they asked if he could host them. He began talking with them and impressed upon them the repulsive nature of his people. Luut was filled with turmoil; he wanted to convince his guests without offending them, not to spend the night there, yet at the same time he wanted to extend to them the expected hospitality normally accorded to guests. In vain, he tried to make them understand the perilous situation. At last, therefore, he requested them to wait until nightfall, for then no one would see them.

When darkness shrouded the town, Luut escorted his guests to his home. No one was aware of their presence. However, as soon as Luut’s wife saw them, she slipped out of the house quietly so that no one noticed her. Quickly, she ran to her people with the news and spread it to all the inhabitants like wildfire. The people rushed towards Luut quickly and excitedly.

When Luut saw the mob approaching his house, he shut the door, but they kept on banging on it. He pleaded with them to leave the visitors alone and fear Allaah’s punishment. He urged them to seek sexual fulfilment with their wives, for that is what Allaah had made lawful.

Luut’s people waited until he had finished his short sermon, and then they roared with laughter. Blinded by lust, they broke down the door. Luut became very angry, but he stood powerless before these violent people. He felt powerless to prevent the abuse of his guests, but he firmly continued to plead with the mob.

At that terrible moment, he wished he had the power to push them away from his guests. Seeing him in a state of helplessness and grief, the guests said to him: “Do not be anxious or frightened, for we are angels, and these people will not harm you.”

On hearing this, the mob was terrified and fled from Luut’s house, hurling threats at him as they left. The angels warned Prophet Luut to leave his house before sunrise, taking with him all his family, except his wife.

Allaah had decreed that the city of Sodom should perish. An earthquake rocked the town. It was as if a mighty power had lifted the entire city and flung it down in one jolt. A storm of stones then rained on the city. Everyone and everything was destroyed, including Luut’s wife.

The Holy Quran recorded this event; it states (what means): “So We saved him and his family, all. Except an old woman [his wife] among those who remained behind. Then We destroyed the others. And We rained upon them a rain [of stones], and evil was the rain of those who were warned. Indeed in that is a sign, but most of them were not to be believers. And indeed, your Lord – He is the Exalted in Might, the Merciful.” [Quran: 26:170-175]

Thus, the people of Luut were destroyed and their towns and names have been erased from the face of the earth.

Source: Sheikh Muhammad Gemeiah’s translation of ‘Stories of the Prophets’, by Imaam Ibn Katheer