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Sunni Muslims’ Al-Mahdi (Mehdi) Caution Read with Fear of Allah SWT

This is to be taken as knowledge to teach others right from wrong do not I repeat DO NOT Draw to far into this.

Al-Mahdi (the Mahdi) is an Arabic word which means ” The Guided “. In Persian, Turkish and Urdu languages, he is called Mehdi (instead of Mahdi). The Mahdi is the title of this important Muslim leader, not his actual name. His actual name is going to be Mohammad and he is supposed to be a descendant of Prophet Mohammad صلى الله عليه وسلم . Some Hadiths specify that the name of the Mahdi’s father will be like the name of Prophet Mohammad’s صلى الله عليه وسلم  father, meaning Abd-Allah.


The Mahdi is mentioned in several Hadiths, but is not mentioned in the Hadiths that list the Ten Major Signs of the Day of Resurrection. Most likely, the reason is that the Mahdi will appear before the Major Signs start. So, the Mahdi could be regarded among the last Minor Signs, before the Major Signs start.  It is likely that the Major Signs will start during the reign of the Mahdi.  However, there will be signs indicating the rise of the Mahdi, some of them will occur immediately before he appears and some of them during the initial period after he appears. Signs of the Mahdi are totally different from the Major Signs of the Day of Resurrection.


Abdullah bin Masood has reported that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “The World will not pass away before the Arabs are ruled by a man (referring to the Mahdi) of my Ahl Bayt (family) whose name will be like mine.” (Abu Dawud & Tirmizi)


Abdullah. Ibn Masood reported that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Even if there remains only a day before the World ends, the almighty Allah will greatly prolong that day to send a man from me (my progeny), from members of my House (family). His name will be similar to my name and his father’s name similar to my father’s name. He will fill the Earth with equity (fairness) and justice, as it (previously) was filled with oppression and injustice.” (Abu Dawud)


– The Mahdi (Mehdi) is not the “Messiah” of Muslims. Muslims recognize Jesus Christ as Messiah and this is very clearly mentioned in the Quran.

– Sunni Muslims are expecting 3 main individuals to appear in the End Times: (1) at least one caliph (ruler) whose is referred to as Mahdi (good man), (2) Anti-Christ (evil man), and (3) Jesus Christ (good man).

– Sunni Muslims are expecting Jesus to return to Earth, by descending from Heaven.

– For Sunni Muslims, the Mahdi (Mehdi) is a unique Muslim leader who will appear in the End Times and act as a Caliph, ruling the Muslim World. He is not a prophet. According to our numerical analysis of the Quran, it seems that the Mahdi will be fulfilling a divine mission and will act as a Warner and Carrier of Good News.

– Most probably, shortly after Jesus descends from Heaven, the Mahdi will die and Jesus will become the Caliph of Muslims.

– For Sunni Muslims, Jesus will play a very important role. Jesus will kill the Anti-Christ and rule the World after the Mahdi dies and Jesus’ reign will be longer.

– For the Shia, the Mahdi’s role is far more important than Jesus’ role. The Shia believe that the Mahdi (not Jesus) will be the one who will kill the Anti-Christ. Shia even claim that the Mahdi will kill Satan.

Caution: In this page, we are aiming to present the largest number of Hadiths available about the Mahdi (Mehdi) in Sunni books, without screening them. However, even in Sunni books, some transmitters a Hadith could be Shia. Many of the Shia do not publicize that they are Shia. So, Sunni Hadith books may contain narrations transmitted by Shia. The Mahdi (Mehdi) is an extremely important figure in the theology of the Shia and they have created and spread lots of false or unreliable stories about him. That is why you need to be very cautious when reading Hadiths about Mahdi.

There are only 2 Sunni Muslim books (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim) in which most of the Hadiths is considered Sahih (correct, authentic, and reliable) because their authors have screened the Hadiths and included only the Hadiths these authors deemed authentic.

There are no Hadiths about the Mahdi in Sahih Bukhari.





Many individuals in the past falsely claimed to be the Mahdi. Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (the founder of Ahmadiya or Qadiani Movement) was one of those who falsely claimed to be the Mahdi.


1. Shia’s Imam Mahdi vs. Sunni’s Al-Mahdi

Both Sunni Muslims and Shia are awaiting a person whose is referred to as Al-Mahdi (Shia call him Imam Mahdi because they are expecting him to be their 12th Imam). However, the both identity and characteristics of the Mahdi of the Sunnis is significantly different from the identity and characteristics of Shia’s Imam Mahdi.

For Sunni Muslims, the Mahdi is just a Muslim leader who will act as a Caliph, ruling the Muslim World. He is not a prophet. For Sunnis, the Mahdi must be a descendant of Prophet Mohammad. His name must be Mohammad and his father’s name must be Abdullah, like the name of Prophet Mohammad’s father. Sunni Muslims’ Al-Mahdi has to be a good man. In contrast, Shia’s Imam Mahdi, as portrayed in Shia’s books, seems to be an evil man whom the Shia expect will persecute Sunni Muslims, resurrect and crucify Prophet Mohammad’s صلى الله عليه وسلم  Companions, Abu Bakr and Omar as well as Prophet Mohammad’s صلى الله عليه وسلم  wife, Aisha.

Shia’s Imam Mahdi is their 12th Imam. Shia claim that Imam Mahdi  is Mohammad bin Hasan Al-Askari who disappeared as a young boy at the age of 5 and went into hiding (or state of occultation) and has been hiding for 10 centuries. Some Shia say he is hiding in a tunnel. The Shia are awaiting for him to emerge from his state of occultation in the End Times. By the way, there is no proof, even in Shia’s books, that his father, Hasan Al-Askari, had a son called Mohammad.

According to Shia’s books, the Shia’s Imam Mahdi will be someone who rules based on the Laws of David. He will rely on scriptures, other than the Quran. So, Shia’s Mahdi fits the characteristics of the Dajjal (Anti-Christ).

The Shia claim that Imam Mahdi’s father is Hasan Al-Askari. This contradicts with Prophet Mohammad’s صلى الله عليه وسلم  hadith that says the name of the Mahdi’s father will be the same as the name of Prophet Mohammad’s صلى الله عليه وسلم  father, which means his father should be Abdullah.

Shia’s Imam Mahdi is not a normal human being since they are claiming that he has been alive for 1200 years. Sunnis reject this because there is no Hadith that says the Mahdi will not be a normal human being. In contrast, Shia’s Imam Mahdi resembles the Dajjal (Anti-Christ) in many ways. Based on a Hadith of Prophet Mohammad صلى الله عليه وسلم , the Anti-Christ was alive at the time of the Prophet and is still alive, but will not appear until God permits him to do so.

All this evidence leads us to believe that the evil founders of Shiism, mostly Jews who pretended to convert to Islam outwardly while remaining Jews in their hearts,  have purposefully portrayed, in their books, Imam Mahdi as someone similar in many ways to the Anti-Christ & the Jewish Mashiah (Messiah) son of David  in order to:

(a) motivate the Shia to reject the real Mahdi when he appears because he is a Sunni Muslim and does not fit into their expectations, and

(b) to deceive the Shia into following the Jewish Messiah who is going to be the Anti-Christ, thinking that he is the Mahdi.

Shia’s Imam Mahdi is a fictitious, imaginary character. He never existed as a child. He does not exist now, contrary to what they believe. Therefore, there will never be any person appearing in the future who will fulfil all the characteristics and signs of Shia’s Imam Mahdi. However, we believe that the Dajjal (AntiChrist) may claim to be Shia’s Imam Mahdi as well as the Mashiah (Messiah) of the Jews and Jesus Christ of the Christians. To convince the Christians and because Christians is God, the Anti-Christ will claim to be God and perform some miracles.

The Sunnis’ Mahdi, who is the real Mahdi and appear before the Dajjal, will only identify himself as a Muslim, not a Sunni and not a Shia.  Many of the Shia will hopefully accept the Sunnis’ Mahdi. However, it is possible that the more wicked Shia may practice Taqiya and accept Sunnis’ Mahdi only outwardly while rejecting him in their hearts. When the Dajjal (Anti-Christ) appears, the wicked Shia may follow of the Dajjal.

For more information and details:

   (a) Shia’s Imam Mahdi

   (b) The Dajjal (Anti-Christ)


2. Khilafa (Caliphate)

The recommended governing method of the Muslim nation in Islam is called Khilafa (Caliphate) headed by a Khalifa (Caliph) who rules all lands controlled by Muslims. The Caliph is supposed to be chosen through a method called Bay’a (whereby Muslims offer allegiance to the Caliph) and the Caliph can be any good Muslim, regardless of which family clan or tribe he belongs to. The word Caliph means a successor, in other words, the one who comes after another ruler. After Prophet Mohammad صلى الله عليه وسلم four successive Caliphs reigned who enjoyed wide spread approval among Muslims when they were chosen. They followed the methodology of Prophet Mohammad صلى الله عليه وسلم  in governing. They are: Abu Bakr Al-Siddique, Omar bin Al-Khattab, Uthman bin Affan, and Ali bin Abi Taleb. After Ali, there was a dispute over who should be chosen next. Some people favored Ali’s son Al-Hasan (who is Prophet Mohammad’s grandson) while others favored Muawiya bin Abi Sufyan, who was a powerful governor of AsSham. Al-Hasan reigned only 6 months and then resigned. Muawiya reigned for several years and chose his son Yazid to succeed him. Thus, the Umayya dynasty (Muawiya’s tribe is called Bani Umayya) started.  So, the Islamic Bay’a system was no longer followed. Under proper Caliphate system, any good Muslim can be chosen as Caliph.  Instead under the dynasties that ruled the Muslims, the eligibility to become a ruler became restricted to the same ruling family or dynasty. Prophet Mohammad صلى الله عليه وسلم has accurately prophesied the governing methods that came to be followed after him and has prophesied that the proper Caliphate system will be applied again around the end of time. The Mahdi (Mehdi) is expected to rule as a proper Caliph.

تكون النبوة فيكم ما شاء الله أن تكون ، ثم يرفعها الله إذا شاء أن يرفعها ، ثم تكون خلافة على منهاج النبوة ، فتكون ما شاء الله أن تكون ، ثم يرفعها الله إذا شاء أن يرفعها ، ثم تكون ملكا عاضا ، فيكون ما شاء الله أن تكون ، ثم يرفعها الله إذا شاء أن يرفعها ، ثم يكون ملكا جبريا ، فتكون ما شاء الله أن تكون ، ثم يرفعها إذا شاء أن يرفعها ، ثم تكون خلافة على منهاج النبوة ، ثم سكت

Based on Huzaifah, Allah’s Messenger  صلى الله عليه وسلم  said, “Prophecy will remain among you as long as Allah wishes it to remain, then Allah Most High will remove it. Then there will be a caliphate according to the manner of prophecy as long as Allah wishes it to remain, then Allah Most High will remove it. Then there will be a distressful kingdom which will remain as long as Allah wishes it to remain, then Allah Most High will remove it. Then there will be a proud kingdom which will remain as long as Allah wishes it to remain, then Allah Most High will remove it. Then there will be a caliphate according to the manner followed during the prophethood (by the prophet).” Then he stopped. Habib said: “When Umar ibn AbdulAziz became caliph I wrote to him, mentioning this tradition to him and saying, “I hope you will be the Prince of the Faithful Believers after the distressful and the proud kingdoms.” It pleased and charmed him, i.e. Umar ibn AbdulAziz.”  (Al-Tirmizi, Ahmad, Bayhaqi in Dala’il Nubuwwah)

Based on Abu Saeed Al Khudri, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم   said, “Allah never sends a prophet or gives the Caliphate to a Caliph but that he (the prophet or the Caliph) has two groups of advisors: A group advising him to do good and exhorts him to do it, and the other group advising him to do evil and exhorts him to do it. But the protected person (against such evil advisors) is the one protected by Allah.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

Based on Abu Saeed al-Khudri, Messenger of Allah  صلى الله عليه وسلم  said: “When oath of allegiance has been taken for two caliphs, kill the one for whom the oath was taken later.” (Sahih Muslim – Hadith 4568 )

Narrated by Abu Huraira: The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “The Israelites used to be ruled and guided by prophets: Whenever a prophet died, another would take over his place. There will be no prophet after me, but there will be Caliphs who will increase in number.” The people asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! What do you order us (to do)?” He said, “Obey the one who will be given the pledge of allegiance first. Fulfil their (i.e. the Caliphs) rights, for Allah will ask them about (any shortcoming) in ruling those Allah has put under their guardianship.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

Jarir said: ” While I was at Yemen, I met two men from Yemen called Zhu Kala and Zhu Amr, and I started telling them about Allah’s Messenger. Zhu Amr said to me, “If what you are saying about your friend (i.e. the Prophet) is true, then he has died three days ago.” Then both of them accompanied me to Medina, and when we had covered some distance on the way to Medina, we saw some riders coming from Medina. We asked them and they said, “Allah’s Messenger has died and Abu Bakr has been appointed as the Caliph and the people are in a good state.’ Then they said, “Tell your friend (Abu Bakr) that we have come (to visit him), and if Allah will, we will come again.” So they both returned to Yemen. When I told Abu Bakr their statement, he said to me, “I wish you had brought them (to me).” Afterwards I met Zhu Amr, and he said to me, “O Jarir! You have done a favor to me and I am going to tell you something, i.e. you, the nation of ‘Arabs, will remain prosperous as long as you choose and appoint another chief whenever a former one is dead. But if authority is obtained by the power of the sword, then the rulers will become kings who will get angry, as kings get angry, and will be delighted as kings get delighted.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari )

Narrated by Jabir bin Samura: I heard the Prophet  صلى الله عليه وسلم saying, “There will be twelve Muslim rulers (who will rule all the Islamic world).” He then said a sentence which I did not hear. My father said, “All of them (those rulers) will be from Quraish.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari ) Abu Dawud in his Sunan also reported this Hadith, but added to it “and the whole community will agree on each of them.”

Narrated by Ibn Umar: Allah’s Apostle صلى الله عليه وسلم  said, “This matter (caliphate) will remain with Quraish even if only two of them were still existing.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari )

Narrated by Abu Huraira: Allah’s Messenger  صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “The kingship belongs to Quraish, the legal authority (belongs) to the Ansar, the call to prayer  (belongs) to the Abyssinians, and faithfulness (belongs) to Azd (Tribe in Yemen).” (Tirmizi)

Abdullah ibn Hawalah Al-Azdi said: “The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم placed his hand over my head and said:

“O Ibn Hawalah! When you see that the Khilafah (Caliphate) has settled (has its seat or capital) in the Holy Land (Palestine), then the earthquakes, tribulations and great events will have drawn near. The Hour, on that day, will be closer to the people than my hand is to your head.” (Abu Dawud)


Yunus ibn Maysurah Al-Jiblani said: “The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

“This matter will be in Al-Madina, then in AsSham, then in the Al-Jazirah, then in Iraq, then in Al-Madina, then in Bayt Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem). And when it comes to Bayt al-Maqdis, then it will be in its homeland. And it will never go away from a people and afterwards return to them.”  (Nuaim bin Hammad’s Kitab Al-Fitan)


فقد روى الإمام أحمد عن النعمان بن بشير رضي الله عنه الله، قال: كنا جلوساً في المسجد فجاء أبو ثعلبة الخشني فقال: يا بشير بن سعد أتحفظ حديث رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في الأمراء، فقال حذيفة: أنا أحفظ خطبته. فجلس أبو ثعلبة.
فقال حذيفة: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: تكون النبوة فيكم ما شاء الله أن تكون، ثم يرفعها الله إذا شاء أن يرفعها، ثم تكون خلافة على منهاج النبوة فتكون ما شاء الله أن تكون، ثم يرفعها الله إذا شاء أن يرفعها، ثم تكون ملكًا عاضًا فيكون ما شاء الله أن يكون، ثم يرفعها إذا شاء الله أن يرفعها، ثم تكون ملكًا جبرية فتكون ما شاء الله أن تكون، ثم يرفعها الله إذا شاء أن يرفعها، ثم تكون خلافة على منهاج النبوة، ثم سكت. قال حبيب: فلما قام عمر بن عبد العزيز، وكان يزيد بن النعمان بن بشير في صحابته، فكتبت إليه بهذا الحديث أذكره إياه. فقلت له: إني أرجو أن يكون أمير المؤمنين – يعني عمر – بعد الملك العاض والجبرية، فأدخل كتابي على عمر بن عبد العزيز فَسُرَّ به وأعجبه.
وروى الحديث أيضًا الطيالسي والبيهقي في منهاج النبوة، والطبري ، والحديث صححه الألباني في السلسلة الصحيحة، وحسنه الأرناؤوط


3. Description of the Mahdi (Mehdi) & his Lineage
Based on the Hadiths presented below, we can conclude that the Madhi (Mehdi) will be a descendant of Prophet Mohammad صلى الله عليه وسلم . This means the Mahdi  (Mehdi) is at least partly an Arab, but he does not have to be 100% Arab. Descendants of Prophet Mohammad صلى الله عليه وسلم exist throughout the Muslim World, not only in Arab countries.


1) He will be from the progeny of the Prophet and descendant of Fatima  رضي الله عنها . Umm Salama رضي الله عنها reported: I heard the Prophet of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم  saying, “The Mahdi will appear from Itrati (my family or progeny), from the descendants of Fatima.” (Abu Dawud, Ibn Maja, Al-Haakim, Al-Albany)



2) He could be a descendant of either Al-Hasan  or Al-Hussein  رضي الله عنهم   (sons of Fatima رضي الله عنها & Ali رضي الله عنه).


قال علي رضي الله عنه ونظر إلى ابنه الحسن فقال إن ابني هذا سيد كما سماه النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وسيخرج من صلبه رجل يسمى باسم نبيكم يشبهه في الخلق ولا يشبهه في الخلق ثم ذكر قصة يملأ الأرض عدلا


Abu Iss’haq (Isaac) narrated that Imam Ali رضي الله عنه , once looked at his son Al-Hasan رضي الله عنه and said ” This son of mine is a Sayyid (chief or master) as the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم named him (called him or gave him this title). From my reproductive organs (meaning from  progeny or descendants) will come a man by the name of your Prophet.  He will resemble him (the Prophet) in character, but not in looks (physical appearance).’ Then, he (Imam Ali) mentioned that he (the Mahdi) will fill the Earth with justice.” (Abu Dawud)



:  عن حذيفه , أن النبي (ص) قال

لو لم يبق من الدنيا إلا يوم واحد لطوّل الله عز وجل ذلك اليوم حتى يبعث رجلاً من ولدي اسمه اسمي، فقام سلمان الفارسي فقال: يا رسول الله، من أي ولدك؟ قال من ولدي هذا، وضرب بيده على الحسين

ينابيع المودة لنعيم بن حماد : ص 490  ،  المعجم الكبير للطبراني: ج 10 ص 166،   الصواعق المحرقة على أهل الرفض والضلال والزندقة لإبن حجر الهيتمي: ص 249
Huzaifa narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم  said:  

” If there is not left in this World except one day, Allah will lengthen it until He (Allah) sends a man from my children (or descendants), his name is (like) mine.” So, Salman Al-Farsi stood up and said: O Messenger of Allah: From which of your children (or descendants)?  He said: ” From my Child, this one and he tapped with his hand on Al-Hussein .”  (Nuaim bin Hammad‘s Yanabi Al-Mawadda , page 490;  Tabarani’s Al-Mujam Al-Kabir, Vol. 10, page 166  ;  Ibn Hajar Al-Haitami’s Al-Sawaiq Al-Muhriqa ala Ahl Al-Rafd wa Al-Dhalal wa Al-Zandaqa, page 249  )



  حدثنا ‏ ‏أبو بكر بن أبي شيبة ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏يونس بن محمد ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏القاسم بن الفضل الحداني ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏محمد بن زياد ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏عبد الله بن الزبير ‏ ‏أن ‏ ‏عائشة ‏ ‏قالت ‏
‏عبث ‏ ‏رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏في منامه فقلنا يا رسول الله صنعت شيئا في منامك لم تكن تفعله فقال ‏ ‏العجب إن ناسا من أمتي ‏ ‏يؤمون ‏ ‏بالبيت ‏ ‏برجل من ‏ ‏قريش ‏ ‏قد لجأ ‏ ‏بالبيت ‏ ‏حتى إذا كانوا ‏ ‏بالبيداء ‏ ‏خسف بهم فقلنا يا رسول الله إن الطريق قد يجمع الناس قال نعم فيهم المستبصر والمجبور وابن السبيل يهلكون مهلكا واحدا ‏ ‏ويصدرون ‏ ‏مصادر شتى يبعثهم الله على نياتهم

Aisha (r.a.) said that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم  said: “It worth wondering ! There are people from my Ummah who will head toward  House (Mecca’s House of Worship) seeking (with evil intention) a man from Quraish (tribe) who has taken refuge in the House. Once they arrive at Bayda, a Khusuf (landslide) will occur to them…”   (Sahih Muslim)  



           أخرج ( ك ) أيضا (1115) عن كعب قال: ما المهدي إلا من قريش, وما الخلافة إلا فيهم,[ غير أن له أصلا ونسبا في اليمن[


Ka’b said: ” The Mahdi will not be (from any tribe) other than from Quraish. The Caliphate is not (from any tribe) other than from Quraish. However, he has an origin (roots) and kinship in Yemen.” ( Nuaim bin Hammad’s Kitab Al-Fitan, Jalal-uddine AsSuyuti’s  Al-Urf Al-Wardi fi Akhbar Al-Mahdi, a part of Al-Hawi li Al-Fatawa)


5) His name will be Muhammad and his father’s name will be Abdullah. Ibn Masood reported that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Even if there remains only a day before the World ends, the almighty Allah will greatly prolong that day to send a man from me (my progeny), from members of my House (family). His name will be similar to my name and his father’s name similar to my father’s name.” (Abu Dawud)
6) Abu Saeed Al-Khudri reported that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said “The Mahdi is from me (my progeny) and will have a broad, clear (of hair) forehead and a prominent nose and will fill the Earth with fairness and justice as it was filled with oppression and injustice, and will reign for seven years.” (Abu Dawud).


7) Once Imam Ali رضي الله عنه was asked to describe the Mahdi’s. He replied, “He is a well-built, youthful, with average height and a handsome face. His hair reaches his shoulders, and the light of his face is contrasted by the darkness of his hair and beard.”  (Muhammad Al-Barzanji’sbook Isha’ah li Ashrat Al-Sa’a)


The following Hadiths provide more physical description of the Mahdi  (Mehdi). However, these Hadiths are weak. They mention that Mahdi’s body resembles the bodies of the Israelites. This connection of the Mahdi to the Israelites should be regarded with great caution because it could be a false rumour propagated by the Shia who believe the Mahdi will follow the Jewish Laws and pray in Hebrew:

1) Abu Umamah says that  Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “The people asked: ‘O Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم , who will be the Imam of the people at the time? ‘  He said: ‘He will be from my progeny and will be forty years of age. His face will shine like a star and he will have a small black spot on his right cheek. He will don two Qutwaani cloaks as if he is from the Israelites. He will rule for 20 years and will conquer the cities of the Mushrikeen (Polytheists). (Tabrani)

2) The Mahdi will have wheatish complexion, long straight nose, eyes brows round like bow, big black eyes, very white front two teeth and with a spacing between the teeth ,a small black spot on the right cheek, face glowing like a shining star, a mark on his shoulder like that of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم , complexion like the Arabs and body like the Israelites. He will be slow in speech (with a slight stutter) and when he stutters, he will strike his left thigh with his right hand. He will appear at the age of 40. While praying to Allah, he will expand his hands for prayers like birds expanding their wings. He will be wearing Qutwani Cloaks. He will resemble in character Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم  , but in appearance (or looks), he will be different.  (Muhammad Al-Barzanji’s book Isha’ah li Ashrat Al-Sa’a)

4. The Mahdi’s Place of Birth

Nuaim bin Hammad narrates based on Ali bin Abi Talib (r.a.) that the Mahdi (Mehdi) will be born in Medina. However, Al-Qurtubi in his book Al-Tazirah said that the Mahdi will be born in the Maghreb (Morocco, Algeria, Tunis region). Others said in Al-Andalus.


قال رسول الله صلي الله عليه وسلم ( المهدي يخرج من قرية تسمي قرعه باليمن ) السيوطي وأخرج أبو نعيم (7), وأبو بكر المقرئ في ((معجمه))(94) عن ابن عمرو قال: قال النبي صلي الله عليه وسلم : (( يخرج المهدي من قرية يقال لها قرعة )) نبوءة اشعياء النبي عليه الصلاة والسلام (يقول الرب أقيموا راية علي جبل أقرع ) سفر اشعياء الإصحاح 13


5. Signs & Events Preceding the Mahdi (Mehdi)

To read about the signs & events that will occur before the Mahdi appears, please click here   (These signs & events  are very important. We strongly urge you to read them !)



6. The Rise of the Mahdi (Mehdi)

Abdullah-bin-Masood has reported that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “The World will not pass away before the Arabs are ruled by a man (referring to the Mahdi) of my family whose name will be the same as mine.” (Abu Dawud)
Umm Salamah رضي الله عنها narrated: The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Disagreement will occur upon the death of a Caliph and a man of the people of Medina will flee to Mecca. Some of the people of Mecca will come to him, bring him out against his will and make him accept their Bay’a (being chosen as a leader) (at a location) between the Rukn (corner of the Ka’ba containing the Black Stone)  and the Maqam (Place) of Abraham (located on a side of the Ka’ba). An army from the people of AshSham (Greater Syria) will then be sent against him, but Khusf (land collapse) will happen to them (they will die) in the Baidaa (desert) between Mecca and Medina. When the people see this, the Abdal (pious eminent individuals) of Syria and the Asa’ib (pious individuals) of the people of Iraq will come to him and offer him Bay’a (accept his leadership) between the Rukn and the Maqam. A man from  Quraish tribe , whose maternal uncles are from Kalb tribe, will arise and send against them (against the Mahdi & his supporters) an army which they (the Mahdi & his supporters) will overcome. That army will be made up of Kalb tribe. Whoever does not witness the spoils of (this battle with) Kalb tribe will be disappointed (because treasures will be found, according to some narration). He (the Mahdi) will divide (distribute) money (wealth), and will govern the people according to the Sunnah of their Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and establish Islam on Earth. He will remain seven years, then die, and the Muslims will pray over him.” (Abu Dawud) Al-Bazar reported a variation of this Hadith attributed to Anas bin Malik who says that the Prophet mentioned that the army which experience the Khusuf comes from Iraq, not AshSham.


Abu Huraira has narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘‘A man will emerge from the depth of  Damascus. He will be called Sufyani. Most of those who follow him will be from the tribe of Kalb (or Kulaib). He will kill by ripping the stomachs of women and even kill children. Qais tribe will gather against them, but Sufyani & his followers will them. A man from my family will appear in Haram (in Mecca), the news of this event will reach the Sufyani and he will send forth one of his armies. He (the Mahdi) will defeat them. Then, the Sufyani will march (to attack the Mahdi) with whoever remains with him. When they reach a Baidaa (desert), a Khusf (land collapse) will happen to them. None of them (Sufyani’s army) will survive, except one person who will tell about what happened.” (Imam Al-Haakim)


The Sufyani (a descendant of Abu Sufyan) will emerge from Damascus before the Mahdi. According to some weak narration, the Sufyani’s name will be Urwa bin Muhammad and his Kuniya (nick name) will be Abu-Utba. The Hadiths regarding the Suffyani specify that he is a tyrant who will spread corruption and mischief on Earth.


Please note that Umm Salama’s Hadith mentions two different armies sent to attack the Mahdi. Whereas Abu Huraira’s Hadith mentions only one army.

Many Muslim scholars from various countries will set out to seek the Mahdi (a.s.), unknown to one another, and up to 310 people will accompany each scholar. Eventually, they will all meet up in Mecca. And when they ask one another “why did they come?”, they will all answer: “We are looking for the Mahdi (a.s.), who will end this Fitna (strife) and conquer Constantinople, because we have learned his name and those of his father, mother and army.” (The Book of Signs of the Mahdi of the End Times, p. 15-75)


أخرج ( ك ) الداني (596) عن حذيفة  قال: قال رسول الله  صلى الله عليه وسلم:

  (( تكون وقعة بالزوراء, قالوا يا رسول الله وما الزوراء؟ قال: مدينة بالمشرق بين أنهار يسكنها شرار خلق الله, وجبابرة من أمتي, تقذف بأربعة أصناف من العذاب, بالسيف وخسف وقذف ومسخ ))

   وقال صلى الله عليه وسلم : (( إذا خرجت السودان طلبت العرب ينكشفون, حتى يلحقوا ببطن الأرض أو قال: ببطن الأردن  فبينما هم كذلك , إذ خرج السفياني في ستين وثلاثمائة راكب , حتى يأتي دمشق, فلا يأتي عليه شهر حتى يبايعه من كلب ثلاثون ألفا, فيبعث جيشا إلى العراق , فيقتل بالزوراء مائة ألف , وينحدرون إلى الكوفة فينهبونها , فعند ذلك تخرج [ دابة ]  من المشرق , يقودها رجل من بني تميم , يقال له:شعيب بن صالح , فيستنقذ ما في أيديهم من سبي أهل الكوفة, ويقتلهم, ويخرج جيش آخر من جيوش السفياني إلى المدينة, فينهبونها [ ثلاثة أيام, ثم يسيرون إلى مكة, حتى إذا كانوا بالبيداء  بعث الله عز وجل جبريل  فيقول: يا جبريل عذبهم , فيضربهم برجله ضربة , فيخسف الله عز وجل بهم فلا يبقى منهم إلا رجلان, فيقدمان على السفياني فيخبرانه خسف الجيش فلا يهوله , ثم إن رجالا من قريش يهربون إلى قسطنطينية , فيبعث السفياني إلى عظيم الروم, أن ابعث إلى بهم في المجامع, قال: فيبعث بهم إليه فيضرب أعناقهم على باب المدينة بدمشق.

  قال حذيفة  :حتى إنه يطاف بالمرأة في مسجد دمشق في الثوب على مجلس مجلس, حتى تأتي فخذ السفياني فتجلس عليه, وهو في المحراب قاعد, فيقوم رجل من المسلمين فيقول: ويحكم أكفرتم بالله بعد إيمانكم ؟, إن هذا لا يحل, فيقوم فيضرب عنقه في مسجد دمشق, ويقتل كل من شايعه على ذلك, فعند ذلك ينادى من السماء:مناد أيها الناس إن الله عز وجل قد قطع عنكم مدة الجبارين والمنافقين وأشياعهم وأتباعهم, وولاكم خير أمة محمد  فالحقوا به بمكة فإنه المهدي, واسمه أحمد بن عبدالله. 

  قال حذيفة : فقام عمران بن الحصين الخزاعي فقال:يا رسول الله كيف لنا بهذا حتى نعرفه؟ فقال:هو رجل من ولد كنانة من رجال بني إسرائيل,عليه عباءتان قطوانيتان, كأن وجهه الكوكب الدري في اللون, في خده الأيمن خال أسود, [ بين ]  أربعين سنة, فيخرج الأبدال من الشام وأشباهـهم, ويخرج إليه النجباء من مصر وعصائب أهل المشرق وأشباهـهم,حتى يأتوا مكة , فيبايع له بين زمزم  والمقام, ثم  يخرج متوجها إلي الشام, وجبريل على مقدمته, وميكائيل على ساقته, يفرح به أهل السماء و أهل الأرض, والطير والوحوش والحيتان في البحر, وتزيد المياهـ في دولته, وتمد الأنهار, وتضعف الأرض أكلها, وتستخرج الكنوز, فيقدم الشام, فيذبح السفياني تحت الشجرة التي أغصانها إلى بحيرة طبرية, ويقتل كلبا.

  قال حذيفة  قال رسول الله  صلى الله عليه وسلم: فالخائب من خاب يوم كلب, ولو بعقال.

 قال حذيفة  : يا رسول الله وكيف يحل قتالهم وهم موحدون؟ فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : يا حذيفة هم يومئذ على ردة, يزعمون أن الخمر حلال, ولا يصلون , [ ويسير المهدي حتى يأتي دمشق, ومن معه من المسلمين, فيبعث الله عز و وجل عليهم الروم , وهو الخامس من آل هرقل , يقال له: طبارة, وهو صاحب الملاحم , فتصالحونهم  سبع سنين , حتى تغزوا أنتم وهم عدوا خلفهم , وتغنمون وتسلمون أنتم وهم جميعا  فتنزلون بمرج ذي تلول ], .[ فإذا كان يوم الجمعة من صلاة الغداة وقد أقيمت الصلاة فالتفت المهدي فإذا هو بعيسى بن مريم قد نزل من السماء, في ثوبين كأنما يقطر من رأسه الماء, فقال أبوهريرة إذا أقوم إليه يا رسول الله فأعانقه؟ فقال يا أبا هريرة  إن خرجته هذه ليست كخرجته الأولى,تلقى عليه مهابة كمهابة الموت,يبشر أقواما بدرجات من الجنة,فيقول له الإمام: تقدم فصل بالناس, فيقول له عيسى : إنما أقيمت الصلاة لك, فيصلى عيسى خلفه. قال حذيفة  وقال رسول الله  : قد أفلحت أمة أنا أولها , و عيسى آخرها … الحديث ] ))

Huzaifa said that theMessenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلمsaid :

“When Sudan (either refers to Sudan as a country, or blacks, such as the Abyssinians, meaning Ethiopians) come after the Arabs, they will be defeated and thrown into the lowest part of the Earth (or pushed back to Jordan). While these circumstances exist, the Sufyani will come with three hundred and sixty men until he reaches Damascus. After a month, he will be followed by thirty thousand from Kalb (tribe). He will send an army to Iraq and kill one hundred thousand in Az-Zawra (possibly refers to Baghdad).

Then, they (Sufyani’s army) will go to Kufa (a Shia city in Iraq) and pillage it. When this occurs, a banner will come from the East led by a man from Tamim called Shuayb, the son of Salih, who will obtain the release of the people of Kufa (captured by Sufyani’s army) and (Salih & his men) will defeat them (Sufyani’s army).

Then, another army of the Sufyani will go to Medina and pillage it for three days and thereafter proceed towards Mecca until these troops find themselves in a desert.

Then, Allah will send (Angel) Gabriel and say to him, ‘Chastise them!’ So, he (Gabriel) will crush them with his leg once and Allah will cause them to be swallowed up (by the earth). None will remain except two men who will return to The Sufyani to inform him of the swallowing-up of his army, but this will not scare him.

Several men from Quraish (tribe) will escape to Constantinople (Istanbul, New York, or European city). The Sufyani will ask the leader of the Romans to send them back to the Sufyani. The Sufyani will slit their throats and the throats of their followers.

At that point, a voice will come from Heaven saying: ‘ O’ people, surely Allah forbids tyrants and their followers for you and (Allah) bestows leadership upon the best of the nation of Muhammad. Join him in Mecca — he is the Mahdi!’ ”

Then, Huzaifa asked: “O Messenger of Allah, how shall we identify him (the Mahdi)?”

He  صلى الله عليه وسلم replied: “He is a man from my descendants, he looks like the men of the Israelites, upon him are two white cloaks with frayed edges,Qutwani’ cloaks. His face is like a glittering star, upon his right cheek there is a black mole and he is forty years old.

Al-Abdal (pious individuals) and those seeking the Mahdi like them will come to him (the Mahdi) from Syria. Al-Nujaba (pious individuals) from the dwellers of  Egypt will come to him (the Mahdi). Groups of dwellers from the East and those seeking the Mahdi like them will come until they all gather together in Mecca. So, they will pledge their allegiance to him (the Mahdi) between Al-Rukn (corner of the Ka’ba containing the Black Stone) and Al-Maqam (Place) of (Prophet) Abraham عليه السلام (located on a side of the Ka’ba).

Then, he (the Mahdi) will lead (an army) towards Syria, with (angel) Gabriel at the fore front and (angel) Michael in the middle. The dwellers of Heaven and Earth will be joyful because of him. Water will be plentiful in his country (Syria) and the River (Euphrates) will spread and treasures will be found ( gold or treasures of religioussignificance ) .

When he (the Mahdi) reaches Syria, he will slay the Sufyani under a tree, the branches of which grow in the direction of Lake Tiberias and he will defeat Kalb (tribe).  On that Day (battle) of Kalb, disappointed will be whoever does not get some (of the treasures).”

Huzaifa asked: “O Messenger of Allah, صلى الله عليه وسلم , how is it permitted to kill them when they believe in the Oneness (of God)?”

The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم  replied: “O Huzaifa, they are at that time apostates, they claim that wine is permitted and do not pray.” (Nuaim Ibn Hammad’s Kitab Al-Fitan, Tabarani, and Abu Amru Uthman bin Saeed Ad-Dani‘s Kitab Al-Sunan Al-Waredah fi al-Fitan )

غير الدجال أخوفني عليكم إن يخرج وأنا فيكم فأنا حجيجه دونكم وإن يخرج ولست فيكم فامرؤ حجيج نفسه والله خليفتي على كل مسلم



7. The Pillaging of Madina in Saudi Arabia

Mu’az ibn Jabal narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said to him: “Omran (re-building) of Bayt Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem) will be (lead to) Halak (the pillaging and devastation) of Yathrib (Madina in Saudi Arabia). The pillaging of Yathrib will be (lead to) the outbreak of the Big Battle (with the Romans). The outbreak of the Big Battle will be (lead to) the conquest of Constantinople. The conquest of Constantinople will be (lead to) the coming of Dajjal (Anti-Christ). Then, … said: This is as true as you (Mu’az ibn Jabal) are here or you are sitting.”  (Abu Dawud)  

The Omran (re-building) of Bayt Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem) refers to the capture of Jerusalem by Israel.

Based on our numerical analysis of Quran and Hadith, we believe the Halak (the pillaging and devastation) of Yathrib (Medina) could have been meant by Prophet Mohammad as coded message referring to the devastation of a city of the enemies of Muslims.



8. Roman (European) Invasions & the Conquest of Constantinople & Rome


For detailed information about Roman (European) Invasions & the Conquest of Constantinople & Rome click here




9. Other Events around the Time of the Mahdi


This includes:(a)internal fighting & bloodshed in the Muslim World, (b) Fighting Iran, (c) invasions by the Turks (Russians), (d) fighting the Andalusians, and Abyssinians (Ethiopians & East Africans),(c) Muslims’ conquest of India, etc. For detailed information about, click  here Other Events around the time of the Mahdi(s)



10. Discoveries of Religious Significance

Some scholars, particularly the Shia, believe the Mahdi (Mehdi) will be able to find Religious relics, such as Ark of the Covenant (containing the Tablets of Stone on which the Ten Commandments were inscribed)  in Antioch (very important city in Early Christianity, currently located in Turkey, but, historically, was part of Syria), Lake Tiberias (Sea of Galilee in Palestine), orin  Rome / Vatican. For more details about Discoveries of Religious Significance, click here.



11. Ahl Al-Kahf (People of the Cave)


The story of these people is mentioned in the Quran in Sura Al-Kahf.


Ibn Marduwayh narrates from Ibn Abbas: “Ahl Al-Kahf (People of the Cave) will be the Mahdi’s helpers (companions).” (Muhammad Al-Barzanji’s book  Isha’ah li Ashrat Al-Sa’a)


وقال محمد بن كعب القرظي : في الكتب المنزلة ، أن أصحاب الكهف يكونون في حواريه ، وأنهم يحجون معه ، ذكره القرطبي في الملاحم ، في آخر كتاب ” التذكرة


“People of the Cave will be companions of Jesus and they will perform Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca) with him.” (Mohammad bin Ka’b Al-Qarzi’s book Al-Kutub Al-Munazala, and Al-Qurtubi’s book Al-Tazkira- Malahim Chapter)




The Shia, particularly, believe that People of the Cave will return and play an important role.


For more information about People of the Cave, click here




12. Blessings at the time of the Mahdi (Mehdi)

Once again, the Quran and Sunnah will govern the people, this time by the rightly guided Caliph, the Mahdi (Mehdi). Islam will gain an upper hand and will be firmly established in the land. The oppression, tyranny, and darkness that prevailed all over the Globe will be replaced with justice, peace and equity.

Due to the booty gained from the various conquests, everyone will have so much wealth that an eyebrow will not even be raised at somebody else’s wealth. Callers will shout in the street, ”Is anybody in need of anything?” Nobody will respond except one person. Abu Saeed Al-Khudri’s Hadith narrated that Prophet Mohammad صلى الله عليه وسلمsaid: ”A caller will call ‘Who is in need of wealth?’ Only one person will stand (in response to the call and say I am in need of wealth), he will be told to go to the treasurer and tell him that the Mahdi orders you to give some wealth.  He will be told: ‘Gather and take it.’ (He will begin to put it in his lap, when he realized that nobody else has come and he was the only one) he will regret it and say ‘I was the greediest from among the Ummah (Nation) of Muhammad’ . The narrator says, he will return it, but it will not be accepted, and it will be said to him that we do not accept what we have given.” (Musnad Ahmad)

Abu Saeed al-Khudri  said I heard that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم say: ” A leader will emerge from your leaders. He will distribute more than can ever be counted. A man will come and ask for goods, and he (the leader) will tell him to take what he wants. That man will spread out his shirt and fill it with goods. The Messenger of Allah  صلى الله عليه وسلم spread out a thick shirt he was wearing, showing how that man will be at that time, and then gathered up the corners of that garment and said, this is how that man will collect his goods and carry them away.” (Ibn Kathir’s book Nihaya fi Fitan & Al-Malahim)


عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم
يخرج في آخر أمتي المهدي يسيقه الله الغيث وتخرج الأرض نباتها ويعطي المال صحاحاً وتكثر الماشية وتعظم الأمة يعيش سبعاً أو ثمانياً يعني حججاً)) رواه الحاكم في المستدرك وقال صحيح، وقال الالباني حديث صحيح

Abu Saeed al-Khudri said: the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:  ” At the end of Umma, the Mahdi will appear. Allah will give him water as a relief. Land sprouts plants. He give away money. The cattle will increase in number. The Umma (nation) will become magnificent. He will live for 7 or 8, meaning Hajj seasons (years).” (Al-Hakim’s Al-Mustadrak, Al-Albany classified it as Sahih)




13. His Reign as a Caliph

There are different conflicting narrations regarding the length of the period of the Mahdi’s reign as a Caliph.


Umm Salama narrated the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم  said: ”… He will remain seven years, then die, and Muslims will pray for him (at his funeral).” (Abu Dawud)

Abu Saeed Al-Khudri reported that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said “The Mahdi is from me (my progeny) and will have a broad, clear (of hair) forehead and a prominent nose and will fill the Earth with fairness and justice as it was filled with oppression and injustice, and will reign for seven years.” (Abu Dawud)Al-Munawi added to this Hadith “or nine years”.

Abu Saeed Al-Khudri narrated: “We were afraid that things might happen, so we asked the Prophet of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم  , … ‘In my Ummah (Nation), there will be the Mahdi; he will appear and remain five, seven or nine. Zayd was one who was not sure. He said, ‘ We asked, ‘What does that refer to?’ He (Prophet Mohammad  صلى الله عليه وسلم ) replied, ‘Years’.” (Tirmizi)


There are Hadiths that indicate that when the Mahdi dies, Prophet Jesus will lead his funeral prayer and bury him.


The Shia believe, according to some sayings they attribute to their Imams, that the Mahdi will rule for seven years, but each year will be equivalent to 10 regular years. This means he will rule for what is equivalent to seventy years. However, some Shia believe the Mahdi may rule more than 300 years.



14. The Mahdi has been prophesied in the Bible

(a) The Bible prophesies the coming of Shiloh. This Shiloh who could be either Prophet Mohammad (p) or the Mahdi:

The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.  (Genesis 49:10)

في التوراة العربية المطبوعة في مجموعة باريس (طبعت سنة 1645م) ومجموعة لندن (طبعت سنة 1657م

لا يزول القضيب من يهوذا والرسم من تحت أمره ، إلى أن يجئ الذي هو لـه ، وإليه تجتمع الشعوب

ترجمة عربية للعهد القديم  طبعت سنة 1753 م في مطبعة (ملاك روتيلي) ، وردت الآية العاشرة و في الصفحة 66-67 و جاءت كما يلي

لا يزول القضيب من يهوذا ولا القائد من فخذه ، حتى يأتي الْمُزمَع أن يرسل ، وهو يكون انتظار الأمم

(b)  The Bible, in Daniel 10 and in Daniel 12, prophesies the advent of the Mahdi, referring to him as Michael :

In Daniel 10: 20-21:

20 So he said, “Do you know why I have come to you? Soon I will return to fight against the prince of Persia, and when I go, the prince of Greece will come;

21 but first I will tell you what is written in the Book of Truth. No one supports me against them except Michael, your prince.   (Daniel 10: 20-21)


In Daniel 12: 1-11:

 1 “At that time, Michael, the great prince who protects your people, will arise. There will be a time of distress such as has not happened from the beginning of nations until then. But at that time, your people—everyone whose name is found written in the book—will be delivered.

2 Multitudes who sleep in the dust of the earth will awake: some to everlasting life, others to shame and everlasting contempt.

3 Those who are wise  will shine like the brightness of the heavens, and those who lead many to righteousness, like the stars for ever and ever.

4 But you, Daniel, close up and seal the words of the scroll until the time of the end. Many will go here and there to increase knowledge.”

 5 Then I, Daniel, looked, and there before me stood two others, one on this bank of the river and one on the opposite bank.

6 One of them said to the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, “How long will it be before these astonishing things are fulfilled?”

 7 The man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, lifted his right hand and his left hand toward heaven, and I heard him swear by him who lives forever, saying, “It will be for a time, times and half a time (a year, two years and half a year).  When the power of the holy people has been finally broken, all these things will be completed.”

 8 I heard, but I did not understand. So I asked, “My lord, what will the outcome of all this be?”

 9 He replied, “Go your way, Daniel, because the words are closed up and sealed until the time of the end.

10 Many will be purified, made spotless and refined, but the wicked will continue to be wicked. None of the wicked will understand, but those who are wise will understand.

 11 “From the time that the daily sacrifice is abolished and the abomination that causes desolation is set up, there will be 1,290 days.

12 Blessed is the one who waits for and reaches the end of the 1,335 days.  (Daniel 12: 1-11)



Furthermore, the following prophecy in Isaiah 19: 16-25 of the Bible seems to correspond very well with the signs preceding the advent of the Mahdi:


(a) Verse 17 talks about Israel attacking Egypt. This could be either a reference to Israel’s attack on Egypt in 1967 or an attack that will happen in the future.

(b) Verse 18 mentions that Egyptians will be speaking  language of Canaan which indicates that they will speaking a new language that ancient Egyptian did not speak. Canaan is the region that includes Lebanon and Palestine, where people speak Arabic, and previously Aramaic used to be spoken there which is also a Semitic language, very similar to Arabic. So, we sense that this prophecy is talking about events at the end of time.

(c) Heliopolis mentioned in verse 18 is a suburb of today’s Cairo.

(d) Verse 19 mentions a sign and a pillar which could be the sign and column of fire or light we discussed in the Signs Preceding the Mahdi.

(e) Verse 20 talks about God sending the Egyptians a saviour from oppression. This saviour could be the Mahdi.

(f) Verse 23 says that there will be a highway from Egypt to Assyria. Assyria includes Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan, Iraq, and Northern Saudi Arabia. This highway could be the proposed bridge Sharm el-Sheikh in Egypt to Ras Hamid in Northern Saudi Arabia  is one of signs, mentioned in Shia books, for the advent of the Mahdi.



(c)  Isaiah 19: 16-25 :

16In that day shall Egypt be like unto women: and it shall be afraid and fear because of the shaking of the hand of the LORD of hosts, which he shaketh over it.

 17And the land of Judah (meaning Israel) will bring terror to the Egyptians; everyone to whom Judah is mentioned will be terrified, because of what the LORD Almighty is planning against them.

 18In that day shall five cities in the land of Egypt speak the language of Canaan, and swear to the LORD of hosts; one shall be called, the City of Destruction (some manuscripts of the Bible mention Heliopolisor City of the Sun).

 19In that day shall there be an altar to the LORD in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar at the border thereof to the LORD.

 20And it shall be for a sign and for a witness unto the LORD Almighty in the land of Egypt: for they shall cry unto the LORD because of the oppressors, and he shall send them a Saviour, and a great one, and he shall deliver them.

 21And the LORD shall be known to Egypt, and the Egyptians shall know the LORD in that day, and shall do sacrifice and oblation; yea, they shall vow a vow unto the LORD, and perform it.

 22And the LORD shall smite Egypt: he shall smite and heal it: and they shall return even to the LORD, and he shall respond to their pleas and heal them.

 23In that day shall there be a highway out of Egypt to Assyria, and the Assyrian shall come into Egypt, and the Egyptian into Assyria, and the Egyptians shall serve with the Assyrians.

 24In that day shall Israel be the third with Egypt and with Assyria, even a blessing in the midst of the land:

 25Whom the LORD of hosts shall bless, saying, Blessed be Egypt my people, and Assyria the work of my hands, and Israel mine inheritance.






Very Important Announcement

Discovering Islam, in association with End Times Research Center, is pleased to announce the release of the long-awaited book on www.EndTimes2013.com :

The End Times :  As decoded through Numerical Analysis of the Quran, Hadith, Arabic Words, and Historical Events


The latest research of End Times Research Center indicates that, in-sha-Allah (if Allah is willing):

(a)    The first phase of the End Times will most likely start (and the Mahdi appear) either in 2013, 2014, or 2015.

(b)    Jesus (p) will descend from Heaven in 2022, but the World will not end in 2022.

The book includes in-depth analysis of specific dates (meaning we mention the day, month, and year) of important End Times events.

The book consists of more than 1750 pages. It can be downloaded and read by Subscribers for the duration of their subscription.

Banning YouTube

Banning YouTube, which no other Muslim country has done except Afghanistan and Bangladesh, appears more of a publicity stunt by a beleaguered PPP-led Pakistani government.

The real test for President Zardari, who has many good friends in the United States, would have been to ask the US government to control and restrain American hatemongers, who have continued a crude campaign of deliberate insults and humiliation against Islam for several years now. Certainly his confidante Husain Haqqani could have taken up the issue in the US.

YouTube has more pro-Islam and pro-Pakistan content than hate material. The YouTube management did not strike down the anti-Islam American film because the site allows many other videos spoofing Prophets Jesus and Moses [Issa and Musa, peace be upon them] and ridiculing other religions.

You can find a huge reservoir of pro-Islam videos on YouTube. That’s their position. It is also one of the few influential outlets where pro-Pakistan material is available with abundance. Many Muslim individuals and groups are producing intelligent videos to counter the anti-Islam American hate campaign. A Saudi

teenager produced and uploaded a beautiful video in English explaining to non-Muslims the endearing aspects of Prophet Mohammad’s personality. But you can’t upload such videos to the site if you ban the site itself. Banning the links would have been a wiser course.

In short, the PPP-led government had no guts to ask the US government to control anti-Islam American hatemongers and instead decided to give our people, who are genuinely hurt because of the film, the YouTube ban lollypop.

Having said this, I make no apologies in emphasising that #MuslimRage [the hashtag created by Newsweek on Twitter] is real, genuine and legitimate. No one likes violence, and it is sad it took senseless violence, including the unfortunate murder of an American ambassador in Libya, for the US government to understand that it cannot act as a silent spectator while a few American hatemongers hijack Washington’s relations with the Muslim world.

Secretary Clinton is right when she says her government is restrained by American laws that allow criticism of religions. But that is not the whole truth. American law, for example, does not outlaw Holocaust deniers.

But US authorities found other legal ways over the years – short of a constitutional amendment – to contain and limit the actions of hatemongers advocating anti-Semitism or denying the Holocaust. Washington was late – too late – but it finally did the right thing by bringing in the producer of the despicable film for questioning.

The said producer had misled his film’s cast into making a hate film and is also wanted for financial fraud in separate cases. There are many legal ways to contain such hatemongers.

The self-styled American hate preacher Pastor Terry Jones sparked riots in Afghanistan last year after his Quran-burning stunt. That anger lingered on until early this year when similar riots erupted against US soldiers and pushed even American-trained Afghan soldiers to kill their allies.

That same lingering anger has now led to a major foreign policy debacle for the United States in a crucial part of the world. This has happened because anti-Islam hate acts originating in the US are no longer isolated incidents but an organised campaign that cannot be ignored.

We should also probe the timing of this latest incident. Al-Qaeda is not the only beneficiary of these spontaneous and heartfelt Muslim protests. The US military and the CIA have huge stakes overseas and this controversy helps both argue in favour of continued American involvement in failed wars, and increased budgetary allocations. There is precedent for US military teaching anti-Islam material to soldiers and whipping up anti-Islam hate.

Last year, the US defeated a Pakistan-led OIC initiative at UN Human Rights Council to ban defamation of religions. In private meetings, American diplomats promised their Pakistani counterparts that the US government would take steps to control anti-Islam hatred.

Washington could have spared itself this mess had it done so. But it is not late. Don’t let your hatemongers – and not just ours – hijack your country and ours into a permanent conflict.

Email: aq@paknationalists.com

What is the difference between the qur’an and the sunnah?

Best Answer
The Quran is the word of Allah, the Almighty.
Sunnah is the action & words (sayings, also called Hadith or hadees) of Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him).

The collection of the Hadith is done by religious men like Bukhari, Abu Dawood…..
While there is only ONE version of the Quran–unchanged, unaltered since the time it was revealed to the Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him), the hadith, however, may need to be checked for authenticity, as they were collected by humans.

Nevertheless, the above-mentioned are believed to be the most accurate sources of Hadith.
God bless you for asking

The #US still unclear on Syrian Strategy ! latest from Centre for New American Security (CNAS)

(Reuters) – France may be considering arming Syria’s rebels but the U.S. and other Western powers have yet to find opposition figures they genuinely trust as they worry over growing jihadi and sectarian forces.

The attack on the U.S. consulate in Libya’s Benghazi that killed its ambassador and anti-American demonstrations elsewhere this week over an obscure video that ridiculed the Prophet Mohammad might have no Syria links but will make nervous governments even more cautious.

Western officials say there is little doubt a growing number of foreign jihadi fighters are entering the fray, although it is far from clear whether any have direct links to Al Qaeda. But It is just one worry amongst many.

“This is not a situation where the U.S. can do much to shape what happens,” says Mona Yacoubian, a former State Department official and now fellow and Syria expert at the Stimson Centre. “There has always been a lot of caution within the Obama Administration on Syria and if anything things are getting more complicated.”

Working with Libya’s initially notoriously disorganized rebels, officials complained, was hard enough; but the opposition to Syrian President Bashar al Assad seems even more diffuse.

That makes policy-making much more complicated and supplying weapons, or even choosing who to talk to, more of a gamble.

“We badly need to identify some political and military leaders who can make clear that they seek a political settlement to bring all fighting to an end,” said one Western official on condition of anonymity. “Without that the blood letting reinforces the worst aspects of sectarianism and makes a soft landing ever less likely.”

Western states have been on a concerted offensive to push opposition figures towards greater unity, facilitating meetings that range from foreign-based conferences to Internet chats and small border gatherings.

But, beyond pushing in humanitarian aid they fear there is a limited amount they can do to change the situation on the ground.

“It’s a very difficult situation, and the lack of coherence of the opposition is probably the biggest single challenge,” says Melissa Dalton, a senior Pentagon adviser on Syria and the Middle East currently on sabbatical as a visiting fellow at the Centre for New American Security.

“Given everything that is at stake, the United States clearly cannot do nothing. But there are no good scenarios arising from this conflict, and so the most important strategy for the United States to pursue is mitigating the risks to its interests.”

That meant to prioritize tracking Syria’s chemical weapons, ensuring militant groups inspired by Al Qaeda were unable to set up safe havens and preventing weapons from falling into the wrong hands, she said. It also meant avoiding doing anything to make matters worse.


Current and former Western officials say their countries have lost confidence in the Syrian National Council (SNC), the largely foreign-based body initially courted as a government in waiting. With some of its meetings dissolving into fisticuffs, it is increasingly both too chaotic, too sectarian and simply lacking in a significant support.

The main focus of political and diplomatic effort, they say, is now the Free Syrian Army (FSA), particularly as its fighters prove increasingly successful at ousting Assad’s forces from significant portions of the country. But even the FSA, they worry, may be a unified body in little more than name.

After a sluggish start, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar have been overseeing cross border movements from a secret liaison center in Turkey. Ankara denies any direct involvement in channeling of arms across the frontier. U.N. diplomats say Saudi Arabia and Qatar have been transferring weapons to rebels.

Western states have so far restricted themselves to “nonlethal” support such as body armor, radios and medical equipment although a French diplomatic source said early this month that Paris was considering giving heavy weaponry.

Those with knowledge of events say the United States and other Western intelligence agencies are already trying to vet those receiving arms channeled across the Turkish border. Should France choose to supply arms, it could expect warnings from Washington if it dealt with those about whom the U.S. had concern.

But knowing conclusively who anyone is along the chaotic border, experts say, can be all but impossible.

In principle, the FSA remains commanded by former Syrian force colonel Rian al-Assad, an early defector who first announced the rebel group’s existence to the world more than a year ago. But in reality, there are growing suspicions that his influence and that of the rest of the group’s leadership may be collapsing on the ground.

Kept cloistered by their Turkish military hosts, some Syria experts say the FSA’s headquarters now amounts to little more than a media center. The real emerging power bases seem to be within Syria, particularly in cities such as Aleppo and Idlib where Assad’s forces have ceded some ground.


“Every group is sending people (separately) to Turkey to ask for weapons,” says Joseph Holliday, a former U.S. Army intelligence officer and Syria expert now a fellow at the Institute for the Study of War in Washington DC, describing the situation as a “free for all””. “Countries, organizations or just wealthy individuals are talking to these individual groups and giving what support they want to people that they want.”

Dealing with so many players was itself a challenge for organizations such as the U.S. State Department more used to working on a national level, he said.

Some groups are already accused of reprisal killings, a worrying sign for foreign powers who believe agreement with some of the minority Alawite regime may ultimately prove vital.

Any offer of lethal support, some argue, should bring with it signed assurances of commitment to a peaceful post-war transition. But holding the rebels to account afterwards might prove impossible.

In a potential sign of further escalation, France, which has a colonial history in Syria and showed itself in Libya to be an increasingly assertive Mediterranean power, has also voiced support for a Turkish suggestion of militarily protected “humanitarian zones”.

But as well as worries that any such action would simply further inflame the situation, the United States in particular worries that even enforcing a no-fly zone could require it to move forces currently arrayed against Iran.

Washington is also unpleasantly aware that as things stand, any such move would be in the face of angry Russian and probably also Chinese opposition – as well as one of the most militarily challenging battles of recent decades. The downing of a Turkish jet earlier this year showed Assad retained a sophisticated air defense system.

The opposition, however, says Western reticence is already costing lives. Last week in Istanbul, two senior Aleppo rebels accused the outside world of simply watching “like a movie” while thousands died.

“There’s a lot of frustration with the West,” says former U.S. Army intelligence officer Holliday “they think we encouraged them to rise up and then didn’t do anything to support them.”