Tag Archives: prophet muhammad

How Does Archangel Gabriel Quiz Muhammad in the Hadith?

The Hadith (a collection of Muslim narratives about the prophet Muhammad) includes the Hadith of Gabriel, which describes howarchangel Gabriel (also known as Jibril in Islam) quizzes Muhammad about Islam to test how well he understands the religion. Gabriel appeared to Muhammad over a 23-year period to dictate the Qur’an word by word, Muslims believe.

In this Hadith, Gabriel appears in disguise, checking to make sure that Muhammad has received his messages about Islam correctly. Here’s what happens:


The Hadith of Gabriel

The Hadith of Gabriel’s tells the story: “Umar ibn al-Khattab (the second rightly guided caliph) reported: One day when we were with Allah’s [God’s] messenger, a man with extremely white clothing and very black hair came to us. No traces of travel were visible on him, and none of us recognized him. Sitting down before the Prophet, (peace and blessings be upon him) leaning his knees against his, and placing his hands on his thighs, the stranger said, ‘Tell me, Muhammad, about Islam.’

The Prophet replied, ‘Islam means that you should bear witness that there is no god but God and that Muhammad is Allah’s messenger, that you should perform the ritual prayer, pay the alms tax, fast during Ramadan, and make the pilgrimage to the Ka’aba at Mecca if you are able to go there.’

The man said, ‘You have spoken the truth.’ (We were amazed at this man’s questioning the Prophet and then declaring that he had spoken the truth).

The stranger spoke a second time, saying, ‘Now tell me about faith.’

The Prophet replied, ‘Faith means that you have faith in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers and the Last Day, and that you have faith in fate as it is measured out, both its good and evil aspects.’

Remarking that the Prophet again had spoken the truth, the stranger then said, ‘Now tell me about virtue.’

The Prophet replied, ‘Virtue — doing what is beautiful — means that you should worship Allah as if you see Him, for even if you do not see Him, He sees you.’

Yet again the man said, ‘Tell me about the Hour (that is, the coming of the Day of Judgment).’

The Prophet replied, ‘About that he who is questioned knows no more than the questioner.’

The stranger said, ‘Well, then tell me about its signs.’

The Prophet replied, ‘The slave girl will give birth to her mistress, and you will see the barefoot, the naked, the destitute, and the shepherds vying with each other in building.’

At that, the stranger went away.

After I had waited for a while, the Prophet spoke to me: ‘Do you know who the questioner was, Umar?’ I replied, ‘Allah and His messenger know best.’ The Prophet said, ‘He was Jibril [Gabriel]. He came to teach you your religion.'”

Thoughtful Questions

In the preface to the book Questions And Answers About Islam by Fethullah Gülen, Muhammad Cetin writes that the Hadith of Gabriel helps readers learn how to ask thoughtful spiritual questions: “Gabriel knew the answers to these questions, but his purpose of disguising himself and posing these questions was to help others attain this information. A question is asked for a certain purpose. Asking a question for the sake of displaying one’s own knowledge or asking merely to test the other person is worthless. If a question is asked for the purpose of learning in order to let others find out the information (as in the example of Gabriel above, the questioner may already know the answer) it can be considered a question that has been posed in the correct manner. Questions of this kind are like seeds of wisdom.”

Defining Islam

The Hadith of Gabriel summarizes Islam’s major tenets. Juan Eduardo Campo writes in the book Encyclopedia of Islam: “The Hadith of Gabriel teaches that religious practice and belief are interrelated aspects of the Islamic religion – one cannot be accomplished without the other.”

In their book The Vision of Islam, Sachiko Murata and William C. Chittick write that Gabriel’s questions and Muhammad’s answers help people Islam as three different dimensions working together: “The hadith of Gabriel suggests that in the Islamic understanding, religion embraces right ways of doing things, right ways of thinking and understanding, and right ways of forming the intentions that lie behind the activity. In this hadith, the Prophet gives each of the three right ways a name. Thus one could say that ‘submission’ is religion as it pertains to acts, ‘faith’ is religion as it pertains to thoughts, and ‘doing the beautiful’ is religion as it pertains to intentions. These three dimensions of religion coalesce into a single reality known as Islam.”

Who was the Prophet


Who is Prophet Muhammad, may peace and blessings be upon him?
من هو محمّد، صلي الله عليه وسلّم؟

He is the one who defended the rights of all humanity 1400 years ago.
هو الذي دافع عن حقوق كل البشر منذ 1400 عام.

He defended men’s, women’s and children rights
حفظ حقوق الرجال وحقوق النساء وحقوق الصغار

He commanded and fostered the love between relatives and neighbors
أمر بالحب والود بين الأقارب والجيران

He established a coexistence relationship between Muslims and Non-Muslims
وأسس علاقة تعايش بين المسلمين وغير المسلمين

He organized the relationship between the members of the family putting duties on sons and daughters towards the parents
ونظم العلاقات الأسرية التي تضمن للأب وللأم حقوق كبيرة وعظيمة على أبنائهم

He fought injustice, called for justice, love, unity and cooperation for the good.
منع الظلم ودعا للعدل و المحبة والتكاتف والتعاون للخير

He called for helping the needy, visiting the patients, love and exchanging advises between people.
دعا لمساعدة المحتاج وزيارة المريض والمحبة والتناصح بين الناس

He prohibited (by orders from God) bad manners such as stealing, lying, torturing and murdering.
منع على المسلمين المعاملات السيئة مثل السرقة والغش والقتل والظلم

He is the one who changed our lives and manners to be better.
إنه من غير حياتنا وطباعنا السيئة إلى حسنة

A Muslim doesn’t steal
المسلم .. لا يسرق

A Muslim doesn’t lie
المسلم لا يكذب

A Muslim doesn’t drink alcohol.
المسلم لا يشرب الخمر

A Muslim doesn’t commit adultery
المسلم لا يزنى

A Muslim doesn’t cheat
المسلم لا يغش

A Muslim doesn’t kill innocent people
المسلم لا يقتل الأبرياء

A Muslim doesn’t harm his neighbors
المسلم لا يؤذي جارة

A Muslim obeys his parents and helps them
المسلم يبر بوالديه و يخدمهما

A Muslim is kind to young and elderly people, to women and to weak people.
المسلم يعطف على الصغار وعلى النساء وعلى الضعفاء وكبار السن

A Muslim doesn’t torture humans or even animals, and does not harm trees
المسلم لا يعذب البشر ولا الحيوانات ولا يؤذي الأشجار

A Muslim loves his wife and takes care of his children and show mercy towards them until the last day of his life.
المسلم يرحم ويحب زوجته ويهتم و يعطف عل أبناءه حتى آخر يوم من عمره

A Muslim’s relationship towards his children never stops even when they become adults
المسلم لا تنتهي علاقته بأولاده بعد سن الرشد أبدا

He is Muhammad (PBUH)
إنه محمد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم

Did you know why all Muslims love Muhammad (PBUH)?
هل عرفتم لماذا يحب كل المسلمون محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم؟

Did you know what does Muhammad mean for Muslims?
هل عرفتم ماذا يعنى محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم للمسلمين؟

Every Muslim loves Muhammad (peace be upon him) more than himself and more than everything in his life.
كل مسلم يحب محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم أكثر من كل شئ

Before judging a Muslim be fair and:
قبل أن تحكم علي أي مسلم كن محايد:

1-Listen to this person, and watch his doings.
1- أسمع منه هو شخصياً ، أستمع الي أفكاره ومعتقداته ولاحظ أفعله.

2-Compare his ideas and teachings with what is Islam and Prophet Mohammad PBUH ordered.
2-قم بمقارنة أفكاره ومعتقداته بما دعا له الإسلام.

3-If you think that his thoughts are typical to that of Islam and Prophet Mohammad PBUH, and then compare them with his doings; is he applying these teachings?
3- إذا تطابقت أفكاره ومعتقداته مع ما دعا له الإسلام فأنظر إلي أفعاله، هل هي متطابقة مع أفكاره ومعتقداته؟

4-If he is applying these teachings and sayings, so for sure represents Islam, if not then he calls himself a Muslim but doesn’t represent Islam.
4- إذا كانت أفعاله تطابق أفكاره ومعتقداته فهو يمثل الإسلام، إذا كانت تتناقض فهو يدعي أنه مسلم ولكن لا يمثل الإسلام..548574

The Word “La ilaha illa Allah”‌

– A good Word, Allah said -translation of the meaning-:
{Allah sets forth a parable – A good word like a good tree, its root is firmly fixed, and its branches are high in the sky} [14: 24]
– It is the Word of Tawheed and Sincerity (Ikhlas), which all the prophets have called to, from Adam to our Prophet Muhammad[Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam], Allah Most High said -translation of the meaning-: {And We have sent not a messenger before you but We reveal to him La ilaha illa Ana so worship Me} [21: 25]
– It is the Word of Taqwa (Piety), according to Ibn Abbas -may Allah be pleased with both him and his father- and his student Mujahid in Allah’s saying -translation of the meaning-: {And We made them abide by the Word of Taqwa (Piety)}, he says: It is the testimony of “La ilaha illa Allah”‌(2).
– It is a Word whosoever it was his last utterance (speech) in this life enters Paradise. The Prophet (Salla Allaah alaihi wa Sallam) said: “Whosoever had his last utterance “La ilaha illa Allah” will enter Paradise”‌ [narrated by Abu Dawod and others, and it is Hadith Hasan].

The virtues of “La ilaha illa Allah”‌ are numerous, we have limited them to these examples to be brief, and much has been written about it. Whoever desires more should consult relevant sources.

This great word -the Word of Tawheed-, the Muslim says it in his prayers every day, and hears it from the Muadhin (the caller for prayer) every day many times, but do most people know its meaning and what it implies?!
The goal of this article is to make clear the correct meaning of “La ilaha illa Allah” so that the Muslim knows the meaning of the word of Tawheed, to abide by it and call others to it.

The meaning of “ILAH”‌

Ibn Faris (d. 395 H.) said: “The Hamza, Lam, and Haa (individual Arabic letters that make up the word “ilah”) is a root meaning “to worship”. Thus al-Ilah is Allah The Exalted, and He is called that because He is worshipped. And it is said: a man ta`allaha (is godly), if he devoted himself to worshipping.” (3)
The Ilah, the one worshipped is Allah -Azza wa Jal-, then it (the word ilah) was borrowed by the polytheists for what they worshipped (of idols and other things) other than Allah The Exalted (4) , because they believed that it deserved to be worshipped (5).

And by this, the fault is obvious of those who claim that Allah”s Saying: {And it is He Who is Ilah (God) in the Heavens and Ilah in the Earth} [43: 84] indicates that Allah is everywhere, that He resides in His creation -Exalted be He-, for its true meaning is that Allah Most Exalted is the One worshipped (which is the meaning of the word “ilah”) in the Heavens and the Earth.

The sayings of some of the Salaf and scholars on the meaning of this Ayah:

– Qatadah: ( * ) : “It means: He is worshipped in the Heavens and is worshipped in the Earth.” (6)
– Ibn Jarir At-Tabari (d. 310 H) : “He Exalted is saying: and Allah, the One to whom alone is al-Uluha ( ** ), in the Heavens He is worshipped, and in the Earth He is worshipped as He is in the Heavens worshipped, nothing besides Him is worthy of worship; He Ta”ala is saying: So worship none but Him Whose attribute is this, and do not associate anything with (take partners besides) Him (7).
– Ibn Abi Zamanin (d. 399 H) : “He is the worshipped alone in the Heavens and in the Earth.” (8).
– Abu al-Mudhaffar As-Sam`ani (d. 489 H) : “It means: Worshipped in the Heavens and the Earth.” (9)
– Ibn Katheer (d. 774 H) : “And His saying {And He is Allah in the Heavens and in the Earth, He knows what you conceal and what you reveal, and He knows what you earn.} [6: 3] the interpreters of this ayah differed on different sayings, after agreeing on faulting the first saying of al-Jahmiyah, the ones who said that He, greatly exalted be Allah from their saying, is everywhere; for they took the Ayah to mean that. So, the most correct of what is said is that He is the One called Allah in the Heavens and in the Earth, that is: worships Him and Unifies Him and attests to His Divinity all that is in the Heavens and in the Earth, and they call Him Allah, and invoke Him in hope (desiring His reward) and fear (out of fear of His punishment), except those who disbelieve among jinn and people, and this Ayah with this interpretation is like Allah”s saying: {And it is He Who is Ilah in the Heavens and Ilah in the Earth} [43: 84], that is: He is the Ilah of whoever is in the Heavens and whoever is in the Earth.” (11)

The meaning of “La ilaha illa Allah”‌:

Statements from some of the people of knowledge on the meaning of “La ilaha illallah” :

– Ibn Jarir At-Tabari (d. 310 H.) : “It means to forbid the worship of other than Allah.” (12)
He also said: ” {Wa An La ilaha illa Huwa}, he says: and be certain also that there is none worthy of worship, deserving of al-Uluha (divinity, worship) over the creation, except Allah to whom belongs the Creation and the Affair of everything, so discard the peers and deities, and worship none but Him.” (13)
– Abu al-Mudhaffar As-Sam`ani (d. 489 H.) : {Indeed I am Allah, La ilaha illa Ana so worship Me}. That is: no one deserves worship other than I.” (14)

– Al-Bayhaqi (d. 458 H.) : Thus the meaning of al-Ilah is: The worshipped, and the saying of those who testify to the Oneness of Allah: La ilaha illa Allah means: none is worshiped but Allah.” (15)
– Al-Qurtubi (d. 671 H.) : “His saying -Exalted be He-: {La ilaha illa Huwa} is negation and affirmation. Its first part is kufr (disbelief, saying La Ilaha only) and its last part is Iman. (belief, by completing the whole statement), and its meaning is ‘none is worshiped except Allah’.” (16)
Abu Hilal al-Askari said: “The saying of the people ‘none is worshiped except Allah’, means: ‘None is worthy of worship but Allah the Exalted’.” (17)

– Ibn Katheer (d. 774 H.) : “Thus His saying {Allahu La ilaha illa Huwa} is affirmation that Ilahiya ( ** ) of all the creation is to Him alone.” (18)
– Al-Suyuti (d. 911 H.) : ” {Allah la ilaha} meaning: none is worthy of worship in existence {except He}.”‌ (19)
– Al-Bahhuti (d. 1051 H) : “Meaning none is truly worthy of worship except That True One.” (20)

And many more besides them.

Therefore, with this it becomes known that the belief of some Muslims that the meaning of “La ilaha illa Allah”‌ is: “No creator except Allah”, is wrong, for the Arab polytheists were confessing that Allaah alone is The Creator but they worshipped besides Him other things such as idols, the angels and others. Allah the Exalted says:{And if you have asked them who created the Heavens and the Earth and subjected the Sun and the Moon? verily they would say: Allah}[29:61], and many more proofs in the Noble Quran, which we will dedicate a separate article for it Insha Allah.

And the testimony of La ilaha illah Allah includes attributing to Allah Alone The Creation, The Ownership and The Controlling of all Affairs, for the one deserving worship is the Creator of the slaves and their owner and overseer of their affairs, and indeed Allah the Exalted has provided the undisputable proof to the mushrikeen (Polytheists), for their belief of Allah’s Sole responsibility for The Creation, The Ownership and Overseeing over worshipping Him alone instead of their false deities which have none of that, for the Mushrikeen used to say in their talbiyah (what is said by pilgrims during Hajj & Umrah) “At your service (here we are answering your call) You have no partner except a partner who is yours, You own him and whatever he possessed”‌; they say this while they circumambulating the House (al-Kabah). (21)

And if there were an ilah (deity) other than Allah deserving to be worshipped it would have been identical to Allah “Azza wa Jal-, so he would also be a creator, owner and overseer, and this is cause for ruin (disarray, disaster). Allah -The Exalted- said -translation of the meaning- {Allah has not taken any offspring and nor any gods were with Him. [If there had been], then each god would have walked away with what he created and they would have attempted to overcome others! Glorified be Allah above all that they attribute to Him!} [23:91]

Ibn Jarir At-Tabari said in the explanation of this Ayah:
“Allah says: Allah has no offspring; And there were none with Him in eternity, and neither when He created things, that which is deserving of worship. If there were with Him in eternity or when He Created things that which deserved to be worshipped {of any gods then verily each would have walked away} he says: thus each god would have secluded himself {with what he created} of things, be alone with it, and they would have competed, then they would have risen above each other, and the powerful would have defeated the weak; for the powerful does not accept to be overcome by the weak, and the weak is not fit to be a god, so Glorified be to Allah what a powerful, undisputable and concise proof, for whoever was mindful and thoughtful.” (22)

So “La ilaha illa Allah”‌ means: None is worthy of worship except Allah, or none deserves to be worshiped except He. And bearing witness to that includes bearing witness that He is the Sole Creator Owner and Overseer, and that there is none like Him and no equal to Him, because the one whose worship is valid is the Creator of everything and its Overseer and its Owner, there is none like unto Him.

Related Articles:

– Tawheed: Its Meaning and Importance

(1) Quran (47: 19)
(2) Jami` Al-Bayan fi Taweel Al-Qur`an (Tafsir) by At-Tabari (22254)
(3) Mu`jam Maqayis Al-Lugha by Ibn Faris (1/127)
(4) Al-Misbah Al-Muneer by Al-Fayyumi, the root “Alah”‌.
(5) Lisan Al-Arab by Ibn Mandhur , the root “Alah”‌.
(6) Jami` Al-Bayan (21/653); Tafsir Abdur-Razzaq As-San`ani (2/203); Al-Asma Wa Sifat by Al-Baihaqi (2/343)
(7) Jami` Al-Bayan (21/652)
(8) Tafsir Ibn Abi Zamanin (4/196)
(9) Tafsir As-Sam`ani (5/119)
(11) Tafsir Al-Quran Al-`Adheem by Ibn Kathir (3/239-240)
(12) Jami` Al-Bayan (5/386)
(13) Jami` Al-Bayan (15/261)
(14) Tafsir As-Sam`ani (3/323)
(15) Al-Asma Wa Sifat (1/58) Al-Hashidi edition.
(16) Al-Jami` Li-Ahkam Al-Quran by Al-Qurtubi (2/191)
(17) Mu`jam Al-Furuq Al-Lughawiya (p.68); Abu Hilal Al-Askari died sometime after 395 H.
(18) Tafsir Al-Quran Al-Adheem (1/678)
(19) Tafsir Al-Jalalayn (p.42)
(20) Kashf Al-Qina` `An Matn Al-Iqna` (p. 9)
(21) Sahih Muslim, Kitab Al-Hajj/ chapter “Talbiya, its description and its time”‌.
(22) Jami` Al-Bayan (19/66)
( * ) He is Qatadah bin Di`ama As-Sadusi (61 – 117 H.), from the Tabi`een.
( ** ) Al-Ilaha, Al-Uluha, and Al-Uluhiya means: worship. (Al-Muhkam Al-Muheet Al-A`dham by Ibn Sayyidah 4/358)